University of Khartoum

اقتصاديات إنتاج البرسيم فى المزارع التقليدية فى ولاية االخرطوم - السودان

اقتصاديات إنتاج البرسيم فى المزارع التقليدية فى ولاية االخرطوم - السودان

Show full item record

Title: اقتصاديات إنتاج البرسيم فى المزارع التقليدية فى ولاية االخرطوم - السودان
Author: البشير, ومضة ادم القرطبى
Abstract: Berseem (Alfalfa) crop is the most important forage crop in terms of production and nutritional value. The problem of thestudy was summarized in the deterioration of the production of natural pastures resulting from fluctuations in rainfall, on the one hand, and the fluctuation of fodder productivity on the other hand, and increasing needs of the Khartoum State as a result of increasing herd in the state and the entry of new investors in animal rearing, in addition tothe expected increase in the number of animals for the purposes of trade and export .The general objective of the study was to study the production economics of alfalfa crop in KhartoumState by identifying the factors that affect the productivity, the cost of the production, finding out the most effective factor in the cost items and to investigatethe possibility of expanding the production of the crop. The study depended in its methodology on primary data by using questionnaire. Simple random sample of 76 farmers was selected from the 6 localitiesof KhartoumState according to the cultivated area in these localities to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics that affect the production as well as production costs and returns. The study used also secondary data, which included references,studies, and bulletins from the relevant sources. The data was analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) using descriptive statistical analysis, budget analysis and non-linear multiple regression model to identify the factors affecting productivity. The study found that the average cost of a feddan of alfalfa in the Khartoum State amounted to 5769SDG, where Umbadahlocality recorded the highest cost and Khartoum locality the least. Also it revealed that the cost of agricultural operations was the highest cost item (38%) as a result of labor migration to mining, on the one hand and the secession of the Southern Sudan on the other hand, followed by the cost of harvesting and post-harvest (31%)and then the costs of inputs (29%). The average gross return in the state was 35,128 SDG per feddan, and the average net return 29349 per feddan. The results of regression analysis explained that the variables were highly significant in affecting productivity (P <0.000) through the analysis of variance (ANOVA), which showed high explanatory power of the non-linear multiple regression model and that the most important factors affecting productivity, with a significant effect were the seeding rate (- 0.503), irrigationsnumber (0.242), the number of crop-cuttings (-0.348), type of fertilizer ((- 0.116) and the job (0.151). The study showed many problems facing the farmers including the high cost of operations, rotten seed, and water shortages in the summer, funding, high transportation costs and rising input prices. The study recommended application of technological packages that showed significant effects on productivity and adopting farmers' suggestions that represent solutions to their problems, the most important is provision of funding and solving the problem of water in summer.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24619


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account