University of Khartoum

The Role of Non- Timber Forest Products to Rural Households Income and Livelihoods in Keilak Locality of South Kordofan State, Sudan

The Role of Non- Timber Forest Products to Rural Households Income and Livelihoods in Keilak Locality of South Kordofan State, Sudan

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Title: The Role of Non- Timber Forest Products to Rural Households Income and Livelihoods in Keilak Locality of South Kordofan State, Sudan
Author: Khiry, Manal Awad
Abstract: Collection of wild fruits desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca), christ´s thorn (Zizyphus spina christi), baobab (Adansonia digitata), tamarind (Tamarindus indica) and white crossberry (Grewia tenax) in Keilak locality provides a source of cash income and employment. This study was designed to test and identify the impact of the mentioned wild fruits as non timber forest products (NTFPs) on household income and livelihoods. Fruits return, collection days and optimum tree combination that maximize the small producer’s gross margin (GM) in the locality were measured in this study. Thirty households were selected purposively through field survey in 2013/2014 season. Sampled producers obtained SDG 2,676 of fruits annual cash income followed by agriculture SDG 12,333. The total annual income was found to be SDG 15,009 as gross margin to cover all household expenses. . Linear programming results showed that, a total gross margin was found to be SDG 2562.02. In this study, the optimum tree combination that maximized the small producer’s gross margin in this area was to cultivate 0.44 and 2.15 feddan of desert date and christ´s thorn to get GM equal to SDG 485.1 and 2191.7, respectively. The total GM was found to be SDG 2676.7. This optimum gross margin makes an increment in the previous gross margin by 5% that will contribute on household income and expenditure. Partial budgeting indicated that, all fruits quantities gave positive returns. The collection days provided employment between production seasons. The analysis showed that tamarind fruits gross margin was found to be SDG 289.13 while that of white crossberry was only SDG 2. Household economy analysis showed that contribution of wild fruits on household income and expenditure was found to be 48% and 18%, respectively. Fruits collection is a second source of cash income and employment in the area. The study recommended that fruits trees adoption and domestication increase their returns which contribute to household income and expenditure.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24650


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