University of Khartoum

هجرة أساتذة الجامعات السودانية إلى المملكة العربية السعودية وآثارها الإقتصادية والإجتماعية داخل السودان خلال الفترة (2008 – 2015م

هجرة أساتذة الجامعات السودانية إلى المملكة العربية السعودية وآثارها الإقتصادية والإجتماعية داخل السودان خلال الفترة (2008 – 2015م

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Title: هجرة أساتذة الجامعات السودانية إلى المملكة العربية السعودية وآثارها الإقتصادية والإجتماعية داخل السودان خلال الفترة (2008 – 2015م
Author: العنزي, شريفة سعود مطلق
Abstract: The study is an attempt todeal with emigration of the Sudanese universities staff to Saudi Arabia in order to identify its driving reasons and it is economic and social impacts, as well as the study tries to find solutions to the problems resulting from it. Basically the study depended on the integrated geographic approach that includes inductive and deductive methods. The primary sources of data collection included :observation, interview, questionnaire, as well as statistical method (SPSS) was used to analyze data. In addition to that, the Geographic Information System (GIS) was also used to design maps. A field work was conducted in Saudi Arabia using random sample of (172) as a sample size required with confidence rate of 95% and 15% standard error. The major findings of the study can be summarized in the followings: The most important pull factor of emigration is the economic reason, for instance 72.6% of the staff indicated to higher wages in the Saudi Arabia, and 23.2% to improve the standard of living and 4.1% to secure the future. This is followed by some reasons related to Sudanese Universities such as: the lack of funds spending for scientific research of about 12.8%, the lack of publishing opportunities, training and participation in scientific conferences of about 6.2% and the absence of participation in the administrative jobs of about 4.7%. Other reasons included: presence of friends and relatives in Saudi Arabia of about 5.2%, the political reason represented 5.5% while religious motivation account 1.2%. Despite the negative effects of the emigration because Sudan loss 1316 of staff members in 2014, the analysis of data showed that about 60.8% of the emigrants they were able to achieve their goals, in addition to the annual transfers of (855496 Ryal) to Sudan in 2014. To address the problems caused by emigration, the state established Expatriate Affairs Agency, andthe Sudanese Partnership for Knowledge Transfer by National Expatriate (SPAKTEN) program to link the staff with their universities in Sudan. The study suggest the following recommendations to solve the problems caused by emigration: 1. The state and Ministry of Higher Education should improve wages and allocate of considerable budget to scientific research to reduce the emigration motives. 2. The state should develop a networks of relations with the international and regional universities to share experience, knowledge, and exchange staff. 3. Prior attention should be paid to the problems including, publication,living conditions, and pension of the staff.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24666


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