University of Khartoum

Agricultural Policy Analysis of Sorghum in Gadarif State, Sudan

Agricultural Policy Analysis of Sorghum in Gadarif State, Sudan

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Title: Agricultural Policy Analysis of Sorghum in Gadarif State, Sudan
Author: Moahmeed, Fardous Abdelhameed
Abstract: The study aimed to examine the government's agricultural policies related to sorghum production and their impact on the efficiency of resource use. The study aimed also at arriving to results and indications that could help decision makers in shaping future strategies for the production of sorghum in light of the changes related to the production and trade of agricultural commodities in the world. The research scope covered the mechanized rain – fed agricultural sorghum schemes in Gadarif State during the period 2005-2010. The study relied on secondary data from various sources and used the policy analysis matrix as a tool for data analysis. The results of the study indicated that the value of the Domestic Resource Cost was greater than one for two seasons, i.e. the cost of one unit of domestic resource is greater than its return in hard currency which refers to the un competitiveness of sorghum competitive in international markets. This is mainly because of low productivity and it was less than one for four seasons out of six which means that the crop is competitive when yields are high and not competitive otherwise. The results also indicated that the value of both the Nominal and Effective Production coefficients was greater than one for the period 2006-2010 which means that the product is supported and consequently protected from free international competiveness. For 2005, however, the value of both coefficients was less than one indicating that the product is taxed, which is negative protection. The results also indicated that the financial profitability of the farmer was weak which provides a weak incentive to produce, while the economic profitability was greater than financial profitability. This deference between the two coefficients is due mainly to the overvalued exchange rate. The results underline the lack of sorghum competitiveness in international markets due to low productivity and the presence of positive protection in some years and negative protection in others.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24669


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