University of Khartoum

الخيال الشعري عند محي الدين بن عربي

الخيال الشعري عند محي الدين بن عربي

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Title: الخيال الشعري عند محي الدين بن عربي
Author: تاج السر محمد علي, التوم
Abstract: This research is a contemplation on the poetic imagination of the enigmatic Sufi saint Muhyi Al-Din Ibnc , who stands out and is regarded as a supreme genius in Islamic Mysticism. The study focuses on his two famous anthologies" Turjuman Al- Ashwaq" the interpreter of Desires" and al-Diwan. Both are considered to be masterpieces of Arabic and love poetry. His spiritual poems have been revered widely in Sufi circles in the Muslim world for centuries, for it is replete with references to the divine grace (ahawal) and divine stages (maqmat) and Sufi terminology. The thesis starts with a definition of the word imagination and discusses the different definitions of the word in the fields of Literature and philosophy. The research aims to highlight the concept of the Ibnc Arabi of the stimulants factors that inspire imagination e.g.; love, beauty, perfection and harmony. The research also focuses on the realms of letters and their peculiar features. The research then descends down to discuss the immolation of the imagination appertaining to letters, genres of the realms of letters, meanings of letters, image genres, absolute imagination and rhetorical devices: effectiveness, entertainment, beauty, perfection, emphasis, hyperbole, embodiment, personification and sensuous enjoyment: The visible, audible, sapid, tangible and things that can be smelled. The research adopts the historical analytical methodology which is used to interpret a selection of Ibnc Arabi's Sufi poems, with comprehensive analysis and commentaries. The research mostly draws upon the anthology of Ibnc Arabi turjman Al- Ashwaq and his own commentary on Turjman which is titled The Precious Repository (Dhakha'ir al-Aclaq), in addition to his anthology al-Diwan. The study also draws upon Ibnc Arabi's famous books that serve as further commentary to his poetry. e.g.: (The Meccan Illuminations) Al-Futuhat Al-Makkiyah and (The ring stones of Wisdom) Fusus Al-Hikam. The main findings are: According to poet's beliefs, the highest form of knowledge is one that originates from the heart through a spiritual journey, which is parallel to imagination. Ibnc Arabi's through grounding in poetic language and his piercing comprehension of exoteric and esoteric knowledge enabled him to write very unique mystic poetry which is highly valued in the Muslim world and widely translated and revered in the Western World. His usage of symbolic and indirect language and the existence of interpretations by people who had no belief in Sufism led to him being accused of heresy while those who comprehend the terminology of Sufism and has belief in esoteric knowledge embraced his ideas. Ibnc Arabi was the first mystic Muslim poet to talk about the meaning of letters, realms of letters and the soul of suras (Quranic verses). Most of the poetry of Ibnc Arabi is lyrical, which retains some of the qualities of music that made it very popular in Sufi ceremonies and usually chanted accompanied by drums and rhythmic hand – clapping. The research recommends study on the characteristics of lyrics in his poetry.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24705


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