University of Khartoum

Socio Economic Characteristics of Fishermen in Jabel Awlia and Elmawrada at Khartoum State, Sudan

Socio Economic Characteristics of Fishermen in Jabel Awlia and Elmawrada at Khartoum State, Sudan

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Title: Socio Economic Characteristics of Fishermen in Jabel Awlia and Elmawrada at Khartoum State, Sudan
Author: Ahmed, Fawzi Ali Mohamed; Salih, Reem Rabie Mohammed; Daleel, Elgaili Makei Daldoum; Yagoub, Azia Haroon Idres; Fadlalseed, Safa Abdalsaeed; Kolia, Waleed Suliman Krpos; Mohammed, Ayman Alameen
Abstract: The present study aimed to provide baseline information of socio-economic status of Jabel Awlia and El-Mawrada fishery in the White Nile in Sudan due to there is lack of information in this field. Descriptive analysis was done for analyzing the raw data of the study by using Excel Microsoft Software 2003. Social data showed that male fishermen group was dominant in both sites (97.6%, 100%) respectively. Age groups of fishermen ranged between 20 to 70yrs; where age group 31- 40yr was dominant in Jebel Awlia and age group 41-50 was dominant in El-Mawrada. Six educational categories were recorded where primary education was dominant in the two location (48.8%, 44.4%) respectively; whereas, secondary education was the second in the two location (24.4%) and (27.8%) respectively. Part-time fishermen was dominant in both sites (34.1%, 11.1%); whereas full time fishermen was the lowest (4.9%, 16.7%). Most of fishermen were married (85%, 94%) in both sites; whereas unmarried fishermen was the lowest (14%, 5.6%). As regards to the fishermen’s other activities results showed that most of them were not practicing any other activities (97.6%, 88.9%). Category of business owner was dominant. Dta showed that experience groups of fishermen in Jabel Awlia and El Mawrada fishery ranged between 5 to 40yrs. Where experience group 6 - 15yr was dominant in Jebel Awlia and group more than 35yr was dominant in El- Mawrada Experience group more than 35 yrs had the highest percentage in both sites; Most of fishermen in both sites did not get any training course (100%, 100%), except the fishermen of El- Mawrada who obtained some training in fish extinction (5.6%). Concerning fishers ownership, the results showed that owner list was dominant in both sites (85.4%, 66.7%); whereas, rent ship in both was the second (21.4%), (16.7%). For fish catchment by season results revealed that less than 5 ton was dominant in the tow locations (100%, 100%). Catch by season, income and fishing craft results in showed that category of fishermen who was able to catch less than 5 kg by season was dominant (100%) in Jabel Awlia and El Mawrada. In addition, most of fishermen income ranged between 1000 – 3000 pounds by year. However, the categories more than 2500 were dominant in both sites, followed by 1000 – 1500 pounds categories respectively. Result of skills and knowledge in fishery showed that fishermen had knowledge and skills in fishing gear and fishing draft respectively. Category had skills and knowledge in fishing time, fishing season and commercial species was dominant in both sites. On other side fish marketing skills and knowledge among fishermen in Jabel Awlia and El Mawrada was (51.2%, 77.8%) respectively. In addition, skills and knowledge of fishermen in fish processing presented as (51.2%, 61.1%) in both sites respectively.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24943


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