University of Khartoum

Future Prospects of Agricultural Extension Service in Darfur States, Sudan

Future Prospects of Agricultural Extension Service in Darfur States, Sudan

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Title: Future Prospects of Agricultural Extension Service in Darfur States, Sudan
Author: Babikir, Galaleldin Yassin Seafeldin
Abstract: This study was carried out to investigate the future prospects of agricultural extension service in Darfur states. It was based on primary data collected form a sample of 215 extension workers, representing 91.5% of the states extension workers, by means of questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results are presented in simple descriptive statistical tables of frequency distribution and percentage to describe the different variables of the study. The Chi- square test was applied to identify relationships between some variables. The results revealed that the majority (72.6%) of the extension workers were not specialized in agricultural extension, and some (14%) of them lack agricultural extension training. The study also showed that extension workers are competent in communication, teaching strategies, relationships building and using of extension educational methods. Moreover, existence of sufficient budget for extension activities, decentralization, and implementation of suitable agricultural extension approaches such as farmers’ field schools, were considered important by (92.6%), (81.4%), and (93.1%) of respondents, respectively, for promoting extension work. Also the results indicated that the capacity building programs and natural resources management activities are part of extension work in Darfur states. Good salary structure and accommodation will be incentives to operate an active and effective extension. The results of Chi-square reveled that years of experience, training chances and provision of educational services were significantly associated with respondents’ competences. On the other hand, execution of manpower development programs was not significantly associated with directing and measuring outputs unit. Based on the findings, the study reached some recommendations, e.g., the employment of extension worker should be based on his qualification in agricultural extension. In addition, adequate budget for extension work should be allocated to ensure the implementation of a sound extension service. It is highly recommended that the training of agricultural extension staff (in service training) should be integrated in to extension service. Moreover, the results indicated that good salary and accommodation are conducing to effective delivery of extension service. Finally, special attention should be given to the personal qualities of extension workers which are vital motivators for effective extension performance.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25003


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