University of Khartoum

Plastic Recyclingin the Informal Sectorin Khartoum Locality

Plastic Recyclingin the Informal Sectorin Khartoum Locality

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Title: Plastic Recyclingin the Informal Sectorin Khartoum Locality
Author: Elawad, Zeinab Khalid Khalafalla
Abstract: The objective of this research is to study comprehensively the plastic waste recycling in the informal sector in Khartoum locality, where the scavengers, waste pickers and collectors earn an income by collecting waste and selling recyclable materials out of the urban solid wastes. The study data was collected using questionnaire survey, in-depth discussion, observation and open-ended interviews to examine the socio-economic characteristics, the functions, the working conditions and problems of waste collectors and pickers. 50 scavengers (waste pickers) and 10 middle traders were selected in the study area .Those were distributed in the neighborhoods in Khartoum locality. The study found that the sector is one of the means of solid waste collection in several sections of the area and it is a source of livelihood for the poor. The results showed that the most collected type of plastics is the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) because of its availability.About 42% of the study respondents collect between 10 to 25 kilograms of plastic daily which is a profitable amount, and 34% have their income ranging from 26 to 45 Sudanese pounds per day. The activities help in realizing the aim of modern waste management, that is to move up the plastic waste management hierarchy by reducing reliance on disposal and increasing recycling. In spite of these important functions, informal waste collection and recycling are associated with problems of unsanitary conditions and health risks to the communities and the waste collectors. The study comes with many suggested recommendations, the important of which are that to integrate the informal sector into the formal waste management by incorporating the employment needs of the poor urban, and the development of recycling groups by making more technical processes to add value to the recycled plastic.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25016


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