University of Khartoum

تقويم الأنماط الزراعية بالولاية الشمالية

تقويم الأنماط الزراعية بالولاية الشمالية

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Title: تقويم الأنماط الزراعية بالولاية الشمالية
Author: محمد, خالدة عبد الله علي حاج
Abstract: The study is an attempt to evaluate the agricultural patterns in the Northern State focusing on agricultural schemes in order to know the present situation, its natural and human potentialities and the factors that hinder agricultural development. The study also aims to provide suggestions to agricultural administration of Northern State for development of agriculture. The research depended on the geographical- integrated method that adopted the historical, regional and analytical approaches. Also theresearchdepend on the primary sources that included: questionnaire, interview and observation in data collection, while secondary sources, were: books, journals, researches published and unpublished researches and reports. And the research population composed from the farmers of the three agricultural schemes, (Aldfofa governmental scheme, Kamal Alsayd private scheme and Cooperative scheme of Society of Abu-Fatima Kabranarty ) where the sample size was(200)farmers considered (25%) from the study population. The statistical package for social sciences( SPSS )was used for analyzing the data, and present in terms of graphs. The most important results of the research can be summarized as follows: Agriculture played an important historical role in human and economic activity since the use of traditional tools such as the water-wheel (Sagia) and water- uplift (Shadoof) till to the use of machines and pumps and pivot methods of irrigation. Development of agricultural patterns contributed to introduction of many of the crops in the study area and the results indicated the natural potentialities for agricultural development in the area, such as the vast arable lands and the suitable climate for cultivation of many cash crops, but there are many obstacles that hinder agricultural development, including the mis-use of natural resources, the weakness of agricultural management, and the absence of the environmentaldimensionamong farmers.Theresearcherrecommended the following to develop the agricultural sector in the area: upgrade the environmental awareness of farmers, and solve the problems of desert encroachment and land-slides so as to improve the economic level of the population and to reduce the out-migration from the study area.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25088


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