University of Khartoum

Effect of Seed Rate and Sowing Method on Growth and Yield of two Wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars

Effect of Seed Rate and Sowing Method on Growth and Yield of two Wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars

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Title: Effect of Seed Rate and Sowing Method on Growth and Yield of two Wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars
Author: Adam, Faddowa Subeih Mohamed
Abstract: Abstract: Seeding rate and sowing method play an important role in the proper stand establishment of the growing crop, which ultimately affect the productivity at the end the season. Suitable planting method as well as the accurate rate of seeding for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is dependent upon several factors including the time of planting, soil characteristics, seed viability and availability of plant machinery. A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of sowing methods and seed rates on growth and yield of bread wheat. Seeds of two wheat cultivars (EL-Nilein and Sasareeb) were sown on ridge or flat at rates of 30 and 40kg/fed. Split-plot design with three replications was used for laying out the field experiment, with the sowing method as the main-plot and seed rate as the sub-plot. Data were collected on growing attributes, grain yield and its components. The results revealed significant (P<0.05) effect of sowing method, seed rate and cultivar on growth and yield of wheat. Sowing on ridge had significant (P<0.05) positive effect on dry matter increment, spike dry weight and number of tillers/m2. Similary, the cultivar Sasareeb outyielded EL-Nilein in dry matter and dry matter increment. Application of 40kg/fed of seed resulted in higher average dry matter, dry weight of spike and number of tillers and spikes/ m2.Hence based on the results obtained in this study, it seems that planting on ridges using 40Kg /fed of seeds would result in good growth and high yield.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25164


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