University of Khartoum

Periodontal Health Status among Sudanese Osteoporotic Women Referred to Fedial Hospital

Periodontal Health Status among Sudanese Osteoporotic Women Referred to Fedial Hospital

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Title: Periodontal Health Status among Sudanese Osteoporotic Women Referred to Fedial Hospital
Author: Abdallah, Issra Badreldeen Mohamed
Abstract: Introduction: Osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis are both chronic diseases that end up with bone loss; so the relationship between osteoporosis and severity of chronic periodontitis in postmenopausal women need to be addressed. As a health care provider the dentist could serve as a pre-screener of patients with the potential for osteopenia or osteoporosis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the periodontal health status among a group of Sudanese osteoporotic women referred to Fedail Hospital. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 40 postmenopausal women aged between 45-70 years who attended the hospital during the study period from 1st of October to 31st of December 2015 were enrolled in the study. Patients who had aggressive periodontitis, diabetes, parathyroid disease, metabolic bone disease, malignancy, early menopause, patients on long term steroid medication, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), calcium and vitamin D and patients who smoke or snuff were excluded from the study. Data was collected using interview questionnaires and examination sheets. The questionnaire was filled by the examiner directly interviewing the female patients. It was composed of two parts; the first for patient’s personal data including code number, age and time of last menstrual cycle. The second part included patient’s height and weight to calculate the body mass index and the T- score after measuring the bone density by dual energy X- ray absorptiometry. Periodontal measurements (plaque index, gingival index and clinical attachment loss) were performed for all teeth present in six surfaces (mesiobuccal, mid-buccal, disto-buccal, mesio-palatal/ lingual, and disto-palatal\ lingual) using University of Michigan O probe design, with William`s markings pattern. Result: There was no relationship between bone density and severity of periodontitis (P = 0 .720). The relation between bone density and clinical parameters were tested and the p value was not significant for each parameter (plaque index, gingival index and clinical attachment loss). Conclusion: The low bone mineral density was not associated with severity of periodontitis in a group of Sudanese postmenopausal women.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25177


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