University of Khartoum

نمط السلوك الاجتماعي وعلاقته بالتوافق المهني وسط بعض القطاعات المهنية بولاية الخرطوم

نمط السلوك الاجتماعي وعلاقته بالتوافق المهني وسط بعض القطاعات المهنية بولاية الخرطوم

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Title: نمط السلوك الاجتماعي وعلاقته بالتوافق المهني وسط بعض القطاعات المهنية بولاية الخرطوم
Author: إسماعيل, نهلة صالح محمد
Abstract: This study aimed at investigating the differences between the pattern of social behavior and the occupational adjustment among some occupational sectors, including the judges, physicians and pharmacists sectors, so as to know the predominant pattern for each sector separately. Likewise, the study aimed to identify the differences in the pattern of social behavior according to the following variables: age, gender, academic qualification, type of the sector (public serving or private profiting), scientific qualification, professional experience, job title and income. The researcher adopted the descriptive/correlative method, and the sample was selected through the random method. The sample size is 226 male and female officials (132 and 94 respectively) of judges, physicians and pharmacists in Khartoum State. The tools of the study included the occupational adjustment scale which the researcher adopted from the study of Manahil Omer El-Jack (2011) on the occupational adjustment and its relation with the motivation to work. The researcher also employed the scale of Amal Mohamed Abdullah Al-Araki in her study of the occupational adjustment with the kindergarten female teachers (2011), the male teachers occupational adjustment scale prepared by Hassan Mustafa Abdul Mouti (1981), the scale of the social behavior pattern designed by two scientists in the industrial, administrative and organizational psychology; namely, Rogers Reid & David Merrill. The data were analyzed through the Statistical Package of the Social Sciences (SPSS) by using the following equations: Alpha Cronbach reliability coefficient, T-test for one group, T-test for two independent groups, Spearman`s coefficient correlation, One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and One Way Analysis of Variance (F). The researcher arrived at a number of findings; the following are the important ones: The social behavior pattern among the professional sector of judges, physicians and pharmacists is characterized by being ‘high’ (Significance Level (SL) = 0.001). As to the occupational adjustment dimensions, there statistical relation for the friendly pattern (SL = 0.01), and a statistical relation for the analytical pattern with the variable of the work nature dimension (SL = 0.05). And also a statistically significant relation was found for each of the analytical, leadership, expressive and friendly patterns with the variable of the efficiency dimension (SL = 0.01). There was also a statistically significant relation for the expressive pattern (SL = 0.05), and for the friendly pattern with the variable of the personal relations dimension (SL = 0.01). A negative relation was also found for each of the leadership, expressive and the friendly patterns with the economic status dimension. Likewise, a statistical relation was found for the analytical and the friendly patterns and the variable of the supervision dimension (SL = 0.05). There was also a statistical relation for the leadership and the friendly patterns with the variable of the self-satisfaction (SL = 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences according to gender and scientific qualification variables, nor statistically significant relation between each of the analytical and the friendly patterns, on the one hand and age variable, on the second hand, while there was an inverse significant relation for each of the leadership and the analytical patterns with the age variable. There were no statistically significant differences for each of the analytical, leadership and the expressive patterns with the type of sector (the public service / private profiting), while there were significant differences for the friendly pattern and the type of sector). There were no statistically significant differences for the analytical, leadership and expressive patterns, while there were statistically significant differences for the friendly pattern with regard to sector, academic qualification and the professional experience variables, and statistically significant differences between the groups of the job title variable for each of the analytical, leadership and the friendly patterns. This is while there were no significant differences with regard to the expressive pattern and the job title variable. Likewise, there were no significant differences between the monthly income groups for each of the analytical, leadership, expressive and the friendly patterns. The study concluded with a number of recommendations, the most important of which being the necessity of giving consideration to the pattern of social behavior at selection of employees in the different professional sectors; i.e. to be in concordance with the specific job.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25180


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