University of Khartoum

دور الفن في إبراز الجوانب المحلية في الحضارة المروية (350ق.م-350م)

دور الفن في إبراز الجوانب المحلية في الحضارة المروية (350ق.م-350م)

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Title: دور الفن في إبراز الجوانب المحلية في الحضارة المروية (350ق.م-350م)
Author: خير, ضياء الدين العوض العطا
Abstract: This study aims at elucidating the local traits of the Meroitic civilization c.350 B.c.- A.D.350 and to reveal the personal characteristics of the element that constitutes this civilization through the Meroitic pictures and their comparison with the Meroitic pictures in the neighbouring civilizations such as the Egyptian one. The study also aims at reflecting the economic aspects of this art through the economic activities and how the Meroitic inhabitants came to know them. Morevover, it tackles the religious aspect with the purpose of investigating the Meroitic religion which is manifested in the religious creeds and buildings, the Meroitic deities and their specializations, worshipping cults and the extent to which religion inculcates the spirit of the Meroitic people. The study also considers the social aspect for the exposition of the customs and traditions, the extent of the family cohesion and the class disparity in the Meroitic society. The study adopts the historical/descriptive/analytical method. The data are collected from the primary sources through the field visits and benefiting from the exhibited collections of the National Museum of Khartoum, besides the secondary sources. The study arrived at the following findings: it confirmed the importance of the artistic diversity and covering of all aspects of life. The study revealed that the element which constitutes the Meroitic civilization is of a local origin, which renders it a civilization of local character. However, this purport is supported by a group of customs and practices which were not found in any of its other counterparts civilizations, and important among them is the facial scars and the excessive use of the toiletries for both men and women, which in turn, were expressed by arts in its various forms. This is in addition to that the artists reflected the economic activities upon which the Meroitic economy was based; namely, farming, trade, industry, hunting and animal husbandry. The study made some recommendations, including the necessity of maintenance and protection of the civilizational inheritance and the Meroitic monuments. It is also imperative to intensify the efforts and conduct extensive studies on the sites of the Meroitic civilization to discover much more of this civilization. Lastly, it is imperative to establish a special museum for the traditions of the Meroitic civilization found both inside the Sudan and abroad.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25182


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