University of Khartoum

Factors Affecting Adoption of Zero Tillage System by Agadi Sector Farmers - Blue Nile State – Sudan

Factors Affecting Adoption of Zero Tillage System by Agadi Sector Farmers - Blue Nile State – Sudan

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Title: Factors Affecting Adoption of Zero Tillage System by Agadi Sector Farmers - Blue Nile State – Sudan
Author: Mohammed, Anwar Mohammed Elhassan
Abstract: The Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development (AAAID) adopted a program for developing rain-fed agriculture in Sudan by applying Zero tillage system in 2003. Despite the great efforts exerted to promote the system, information on the adoption and factors affecting it is relatively scarce. The main objective of this study was to determine the level of adoption and identify factors affecting the adoption of Zero tillage system in Agadi Sector in Blue Nile State of the Sudan. Secondary data was collected from references, reports, and previous studies. Whereas primary data was collected through direct survey using structured interviews. Three hundred households were selected using stratified and systematic random sampling techniques. Semi-structured interviews and group discussions were performed with extension staff, famers' leaders, and other key informants. Field observations were documented to augment data collected by other techniques. On one hand, descriptive statistics and tabular analysis were used to describe the study variables and the extent of ZeroTillage adoption. On the other hand, Chi-square test was applied to determine the level of association between the variables. Additionally, Phi-test was used to measure the strength of associations. The study revealed that although most of the respondents were familiar with the Zero Tillage system, the adoption rate of the complete package was very low (6.3%). The adoption of the system was found to be significantly(P ≤ 0.05) and strongly (Phi ≥ 0.7) affected by the farm size, annual income, finance availability, input subsidy, participation in training programs, implements ( Zero Tillage planters and sprayers) andherbicides availability. ii In addition, adoption was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) and either moderately or weakly (Phi < 0.7) influenced by age, education level, land ownership, type of non-agricultural occupations, types of finance, involvement in farmers’ organizations, availability of agricultural information, extension contact, and perceived complexity of the system. To enhance adoption of the complete package of Zero tillage system, it is necessary to promote policies that increase access to formal education and loans. Besides, timely provision of required inputs including implements, herbicides, and training. As well as, Zero Tillage adopters' associations should be established.
Description: 171 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25204


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