University of Khartoum

Analysis of Hazards for Hepatitis B Virus, Across Departments and Occupations, Among Health Care Workers in Public Hospitals in White Nile State, Sudan, 2013

Analysis of Hazards for Hepatitis B Virus, Across Departments and Occupations, Among Health Care Workers in Public Hospitals in White Nile State, Sudan, 2013

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Title: Analysis of Hazards for Hepatitis B Virus, Across Departments and Occupations, Among Health Care Workers in Public Hospitals in White Nile State, Sudan, 2013
Author: Elsheikh, Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi; Bashir, Abdelgadir Ali; Balla, Siham Ahmed; Abdalla, Asma Abdelaal; Abuelgasim, Mawahib Ahmed Elawad; Swareldahab, Zeinab
Abstract: Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a recognized occupational hazard for health care service providers. Aim: To determine hazard of HBV markers across department and occupation, among HCWs in public hospitals, White Nile State, Sudan. Methods: It was a cross sectional study, where 385 HCWs were selected randomly. Close ended questionnaire was used. From each respondent five ml venous blood was obtained, sera was separated and stored at-20° centigrade. Cross tabulation was performed together with Chi-square test. P value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result: Anti- HBcore: department of others (medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry, and ophthalmology) had got highest percentage (68.7%), followed by obs. (17.4%); the least was dentist (1.3%). Regarding occupation nurse got highest percentage (31.7%), followed by labor (27.8%); the least was pharmacist (2.6%). For HBsAg: department of others had got highest percentage of carrier rate (74.2%); followed by obs. (17.7%); the least was pharmacy (1.6%). For occupation, labor got highest percentage (27.4%), followed by nurse (25.8%); the least was pharmacist, nurse and midwife not nurse (1.6%). HBeAg: department of others had got highest percentage (72.4%); followed by obs. (20.7%); the least was surgery (6.9%). For occupation labor got highest percentage (34.5%), followed by doctor and Lab. technician (24.1%); the least was nurse-midwife, and operation assistant (3.5%). P value = 0.001. Conclusion: Statistically there was association between HBV infection and type of department and occupation. The most hazardous department was other (medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry, and ophthalmology). HBsAg and HBeAg were high among laborers as occupation.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25256


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