University of Khartoum

Hepatitis B Virus Infection among Health Care Workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan

Hepatitis B Virus Infection among Health Care Workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan

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Title: Hepatitis B Virus Infection among Health Care Workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan
Author: Elsheikh, Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi; Elkhidir, Isam Mohamed; Ibrahim, Omer Ali; Bashir, Abdelgadir Ali; Elkarim, Mohammed Ali Awad
Abstract: Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem. It is estimated that there are more than 300 million HBV carriers in the world. Aim: The study aimed to examine the sero-prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers among health care workers (HCWs) in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, in the year 2004. Methods: The study is an observational, cross sectional, facility-based study. It was conducted on strati- fied two-stage cluster random sample of 843 subjects. The study followed non-parametric statistical methods, using Z-test for single proportion. Results: Among the 843 subjects tested for all HBV markers (Anti-HBc, HBsAg, HBsAb, and HBeAg), the prevalence of Anti-HBc, HBsAg, HBsAb, and HBeAg was found to be 57% (CI 95%:53–60%), 6% (CI 95%:4.0–8.0%), 37% (CI 95%:34–40%) and 9% (CI 95%:7–11%) respectively. P < 0.05. Conclusion: Seroprevalence of all HBV markers (P < 0.05) was found to be significantly high, while the rate of immunity against HBV infection was low among health care workers In Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25260


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