University of Khartoum

Extent and Mitigation of Drought Effects in Western and Central Darfur A case study of Nomadic Pastoralists

Extent and Mitigation of Drought Effects in Western and Central Darfur A case study of Nomadic Pastoralists

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Title: Extent and Mitigation of Drought Effects in Western and Central Darfur A case study of Nomadic Pastoralists
Author: Marzoug, Jalaleldein Abdulaziz
Abstract: Abstract: The study aimed to assess drought effects and mitigation measures on the environment of nomadic pastoralists in western and central Darfur region. It was intended to shed light on traditional methods and mechanisms of local community to cope with drought and to recommend measures that could be helpful in managing future droughts .The study was conducted during the period January- December, 2012.Primary data were collected through interviewing 100 nomadic pastoralists in each of the western and central Darfur states and by using stratified and systematic random simple sampling methods. Interviews of the staff of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the Ministry of Health were also conducted. Field observations on pastoralist’s activities were also recorded. Secondary data were obtained from books, reports and other materials related to the research topic. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) programme. The results showed that the drought of 1984 was the largest in the area. Drought has severely affected the environment of the arid and the semi-arid zones of west and central Darfur in terms of water resources, land resources, agricultural production, livestock rearing and wildlife, as well as the social impact. The number of animals owned by respondents were sharply reduced and food sources such as millet and milk were not available. During drought, 60% of the people in the study area reported that they survived by taking sorghum, sugar and legumes from different governmental and nongovernmental organizations and relief agencies. Prevalence of malnutrition was very high during droughts, in addition to other diseases which were also related to malnutrition. There was no response to drought, especially from local and central governments, whereas there was a good response from national and foreign nongovernmental organizations. Drought was the main cause of nomads migration of about 33% of nomads from their original areas and the majority of nomads lost 77% of their livestock. Poverty, war and conflicts were subsequently coupled with lack of technical skills for ecosystem management and hindered coping with drought. For the nomadic pastoralists to be able to mitigate the drought effects, drought monitoring, early warning system of meteorological and weather forecasting and satellites system should be established. Information dissemination to the communities concerned should be implemented. Community empowerment and capacity building should be promoted to reduce community vulnerability to drought incidences.
Description: 79 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25347


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