University of Khartoum

Epidemiology of Schistosomaisis among communitymembers at Surhan - Gezira State – 2016

Epidemiology of Schistosomaisis among communitymembers at Surhan - Gezira State – 2016

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Title: Epidemiology of Schistosomaisis among communitymembers at Surhan - Gezira State – 2016
Author: Ahmed, Salma Mohammed Yousif
Abstract: Background: Schistosomiasis, is one of the most prevalent Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) and still considered as a major public health problem in about 77 developing countries in the tropics and subtropics.It is estimated that over 240 millions people are infected, with almost 300,000 deaths occur annually from Schistosomiasis in Africa. This is a descriptive cross-sectional community based study conducted at Surhan Village, Almangil locality, Gezira State. It aimed to studythe epidemiology of Schistosomaisis among community members. Materials and Methods: A sample size of 381 was determined using statistical formula. Data were collected by using a prepared and pre-tested questionnaire, laboratory investigations for urine using filtration techniques and stool using (Kata-Katz technique). Interview was conducted with the Director of Schistosomaisis Control Unit at Gezira State. An observation sheet was designed to assess factors inducing Schistosomaisis. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16, and the associations between different variables were checked using x²-test at 0.05 level of significance. Results:The study showed that 13.1% of the community members were infected by Schistosoma mansoniwhile no case of S. haematobium was reported.Fifty eight percent of the infectedcommunity members were males. Fifty-three point six percent of the community members knewSchistosomaisis, 33.6% knew it's causative agent, while 66.1% knew that Schistosomaisis had complications.Fifty-nine point six percent of the community members go to canals for many reasons, while 22.6% defecate and urinate in or near by canals. On the other hand, allcommunity members had latrine in their homes. The contributory factors to Schistosomaisis incidence were existence of snails in water canals, defecation and urination in or near by canals, and absence of latrine in farms. According to the Director of Schistosomaisis Control Unit, the other factors contributing to Schistosomaisis were lack of health education, living nearby canals in addition to lack of environmental health services. The study showed that a significant statistical association between sex, education level, going to the canal, defecate and urinate in or near by canal from a side and Schistosomaisis infection from another side with P.values (0.05, 0.01, 0.04,0.00) respectively. Conclusion:S.mansoniis the only detected species of Schistosomaisis in the study area. It was more common among males than females. The study recommends that, a fixed plan and a regular budget should be allocated for Schistosomaisis control, establish public latrines near the farms, provision of treatment for all cases and conducting health education programs using the various types of mass communication.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25359


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