University of Khartoum

إستراتيجيات التكيُّف وسط رعاة رفاعة الهوي العائدين من دولة جنوب السودان إلى منطقة المزموم بولاية سنار

إستراتيجيات التكيُّف وسط رعاة رفاعة الهوي العائدين من دولة جنوب السودان إلى منطقة المزموم بولاية سنار

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Title: إستراتيجيات التكيُّف وسط رعاة رفاعة الهوي العائدين من دولة جنوب السودان إلى منطقة المزموم بولاية سنار
Author: أبكر, بشير إبراهيم
Abstract: This study aimed to describe and analyze the changes in social, economic and political conditions of the Rufa’a Alhoi pastoralists who were forced due to separation of south Sudan in 2011 to leave their settlement and grazing areas in the Upper Nile region and return to Mazmum area south east of Sennar State. It considers the ways in which they developed strategies of adaptation in order to cope with the changing conditions in Mazmum area. The study used a fieldwork to collect relevant primary data through mixed methods and techniques. These were participant observation, interviews, focus group discussion and life histories. The primary data is supported by secondary data collected from published and unpublished sources and official documents. To describe and analyze changes and strategies that returnees used in the new situation, the study used a broad socio economic approach as theoretical perspective in studying changes that took place in the daily life of the returnees and the strategies they used to cope with these changes. This study reached a number of conclusions, which can be summarized in that: ethnic relationship that forms the link between returnees and the Rufa‘a Alhoi group settled in Mazmoum area and Sinnar State had a central role in the interaction between the returnees and the society of Mazmoum area. The arrival of these groups to the Mazmoum area has increased the competition on land resource, specially the competition that has developed between the returnees and the owners of mechanized agriculture scheme. The study touched on the difficulties facing the returnees with regard to earning their daily living. It concludes that the returnees have responded to these difficulties by maintaining grazing as the main source for living means earning and also practicing agricultural activities; those who have settled around the Mazmoum town also became wage labors in the agricultural mechanized scheme. Finally the study found that while they were in the Upper Nile region they had a close association with the Popular Defense Forces. However, by their return after the separation of the South Sudan there was no reason for such a relation to exist. They had to compete for land in order to maintain their system of livelihood. In the light of the above conclusions, the study recommends that: Firstly: the state should solve the problems that relate to competition over land that developed between the returnees and the other users of land in the area. Secondly: the settlement of the returnees should be in locations that are suitable to the returnee’s livelihood systems in order to keep their livestock and any other activities they engage in, at the same time services should be provided in their new settlement locations. Finally: priority should be given to implementation of the projects that are proposed in the report of Federal Committee of Resettlement of the Returnees in order to use the returnees’ livestock to enhance the standard of their life as well as that of the rest of the population in the area.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25372


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