University of Khartoum

Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Sudanese Adults with Different Skeletal Occlusion

Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Sudanese Adults with Different Skeletal Occlusion

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Title: Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Sudanese Adults with Different Skeletal Occlusion
Author: Abbas, Sama Hamid
Abstract: Background: Facial soft tissue thickness is essential in orthodontics and plastic surgery for treatment planning and for forensic anthropologists in order to do facial reconstruction. The objective of the present study was to measure the facial soft tissue thickness for Sudanese adults, with different skeletal occlusions, and compare between these different skeletal occlusions; Cl I, II and III.. Materials and Methods: A total of 233 cephalographs (105 males and 128 females) for Sudanese patients in the age group 18-35 were studied. Twenty landmarks were measured (10 soft tissue and 10 dentoskeletal). Results: Males had thicker facial soft tissue at all measured points. The type of occlusion was related to the facial soft tissue thickness mainly in the lower facial region. Individuals with skeletal class II occlusion had the thickest lower lip 19.6 mm, and class III individuals had the thickest upper lip 16.8 mm. Conclusion: Soft tissue thickness differed among gender at most points, with males having greater values. The Sudanese sample had a unique spectrum of measurements, with thick upper and lower lips, that might be useful for treatment planning and facial reconstruction purposes.
Description: 58 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25476


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