University of Khartoum

العلاقة بين دول الشمال و دول الجنوب و نماذج للتعاون بين الجنوب-جنوب

العلاقة بين دول الشمال و دول الجنوب و نماذج للتعاون بين الجنوب-جنوب

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Title: العلاقة بين دول الشمال و دول الجنوب و نماذج للتعاون بين الجنوب-جنوب
Author: المادح, علا حاتم محمد أحمد
Abstract: This study dealing with the relationship between the countries of the North and the countries of the South, comparing this relation with South-South cooperation through models of south –south cooperation in trade ,investment ,financial and technical sectors. This study aims to find out the reasons that led to the weakness of the relationship between the countries of the North and the South, which led to the creation of the South-South cooperation, to shed light on the extent and importance of the role of South-South cooperation, and also to identify the obstacles and challenges facing this cooperation, with identifying the mechanisms followed by the countries of the South to achieve this cooperation. Thus, the study will analyze and explain the historical events of the North-South relations, and the South-South cooperation. The study adopted several methodologies; the historical and the comparative analytical methodologies, and depended on two types of sources: primary sources, represented in the reports of international and regional organizations and seminars, and secondary sources, represented in books, scientific papers, newspapers, magazines, periodicals and the Internet. The study reached to the following findings; reasons that led to the weak relationship between countries of the North and the South, are embodied in the debt crisis , the neoliberal globalization, and other reasons ,that have led to the creation of the concept of South -South cooperation, through which the southern countries seek to achieve self-sufficiency and inter-development between them, but the study reached to a conclusion that the South-South cooperation cannot be a substitute for the relationship with countries of the North and the South, but it is rather a complement , in spite of the fact , that this was achieved in the field of trade and investment in the countries of the South and in the global economy in general. The study recommended: that there should be a greater role for the cooperation of the South-South, by creating an organization to be based in one of the countries of the South, and to develop a program with a time limit and to impose sanctions on countries that do not adhere to agreements, and that there should be a constant and specific funding, in place of grants provided by States according to their desire. The study also recommended the introduction of radical changes within the developing countries that suffer from irrational and weak governments and from weak infrastructure and other conflicts and wars, also recommended the increase of trilateral cooperation , so that developing countries can benefit from the experiences of the developed countries and also development and training of human capacity and infrastructure ,in order to qualify the developing countries in the south , so as to benefit from the experience of the developed countries.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25541


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