University of Khartoum

صـورة سكان القرن الإفريقي في كتب الرحالة والجغرافيين المسلمين وتأثيراتها الممتدة (272هـ- 779هـ/ 885م -1377م

صـورة سكان القرن الإفريقي في كتب الرحالة والجغرافيين المسلمين وتأثيراتها الممتدة (272هـ- 779هـ/ 885م -1377م

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Title: صـورة سكان القرن الإفريقي في كتب الرحالة والجغرافيين المسلمين وتأثيراتها الممتدة (272هـ- 779هـ/ 885م -1377م
Author: البشير, عبدالله الفكي
Abstract: This study aims to present the image of the peoples of the Horn of Africa in the books of the Muslims’ travelers and geographers during a period that extends to five centuries. Additionally, the study traces the effects and impact of this image. The study adopts the historical method, combined with descriptive and analytical comparison techniques. The study presents and interprets through relevant contexts quotations and facts from classical primary sources, such as al-Yaqoubi, al-Mas'udi, Ibn Ḥawqal, al-Idrisi and Ibn Baṭūṭah. The analysis employed reads between the lines of the very quotations or compares them with other quotations considering the time difference. As well, the study utilizes literature from some forums, theses and periodicals. The study concludes that the travelers' and geographers' writings represent the first documentation on the Horn of Africa area in Arabic language. The study also considers The sources as the most important in the medieval centuries recorded on the basis of eye witnessing. The study reveals that these studies, despite their importance as a source for studying the Horn of Africa area, reveal a negative image of the inhabitants of that area in which the real IS mixed with imagination and superstition. Some of the features of that image ARE attributed to the properties of the recording as well as the level of the cultural composition of the travelers and the geographers and some of them are attributed to the heritage of other nations such as the Greeks. The study notes that the authors of those books tended to copy from each other. To document that, the study provides examples of identical quotes. It echoes the same image that infiltrated to the Arabic and Islamic mentality. That image endorsed a stereotype OF the peoples of this region in these mentalities, a stereotype that seems to have guided the historians. Moreover, these authors were affected by these stereotypes to the extent that they embraced the title of “Bilad al-Sudan” which later on lost the word “Bilad”
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25606


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