University of Khartoum

Ant Fauna of Sudan: Diversity and Bionomics

Ant Fauna of Sudan: Diversity and Bionomics

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Title: Ant Fauna of Sudan: Diversity and Bionomics
Author: Yousif, Awatif Khidir Omer
Abstract: The work aimed to study the diversity of ants in Sudan. It also aimed to study their daily rhythmic in Sinja, Abu Hojar, Rahd, Jebal Al Dair and Alrwakeeb (Khartoum State) usingquadrates and line transects. Ants food preference was also investigated at University of Khartoum and Alrwakeeb. Ants were collected by forceps, a fine brush, hand picking and paper traps. The collected specimens were preserved in 4% formalin or 70% alcohol. Identification was followed Bolton (1994) and Taylor (2012) taxonomic keys and the identification was further conformed by Dr. Brian Taylor. The results showed that the 76 collected ant species fall into 4 Subfamilies. These were: Formicine with 40 species, Myrmicinae with 29 species, Ponerinae with 4 species and Dorylinae with 2 species. Lepisiota omeriwas recorded as a new species to science from Al Haj Abdallh, Gezira State. The study also recorded 35 species of ant recorded for the first time in Sudan. There is a need to verify the final taxonomic status of Lepisiota Type1 from Arkaweit (Eastern Sudan) and LepisiotaType2 from Singa. Thirty nine species of ants were recorded from new localities. Results also showed that tuna was the preferred food for ants in the two studied areas. The study recommended collection of more specimens fromdifferent parts of the Sudan in order to set an identification key of ants of the Sudan
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25837


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