University of Khartoum

الوجود الأمريكي والفرنسي في أفريقـيا بعد الحـرب الباردة: اقليم البحيرات العظمى نموذجا

الوجود الأمريكي والفرنسي في أفريقـيا بعد الحـرب الباردة: اقليم البحيرات العظمى نموذجا

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dc.contributor.advisor صفوت صبحي فانوس en_US
dc.contributor.author موسى, محمد خالد أحمد
dc.contributor.other العلوم السياسية en_US
dc.date 2017-08
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-13T12:11:50Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-13T12:11:50Z
dc.date.submitted 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25850
dc.description.abstract This research deals with the subject of the American-French presence in Africa and its implications for conflicts in the Great Lakes Region (GLR) in the post-cold-war era. As part of the change in US and French policies in Africa, which was the adoption by the United States of the new world order and France's declaration of a new African policy, the aim of the research is to find out the relationship between the American and French presence in the conflicts in the region through clarify the nature of foreign relations and policies of the United States and France towards African countries. It then identifies the causes and dynamics of conflict in the Lakes region (Rwanda, Burundi and Zaire).This is in addition to figuring out the impact of the situation on the neighboring countries politically and security wise. Some of the most important methods used in the research include: case study methodology, analytical descriptive approach, and the historical approach. In addition, the application of systems theory to the new world order and the theory of regional systems in the process of cross-border conflict transfer. The research used primary and secondary sources consisting of books, publications, research and reports, in addition to interviewing some officials and academics in relevant institutions. The main results of the research are that:The French-American presence under the new world order is related to the conflicts of the Great Lakes region, moving within the framework of well-established strategies that have long been established with a specific economic, commercial and political security agenda aimed at access to natural resources. The foreign presence has many mechanisms, diplomatic and cultural development assistance and military intervention and others. This presence has played a key role in shaping the political situation in the region. The change in the balance of power in the post-cold-war era and the dominance of the new world order led to the transformation of the United States' view of the traditional French presence on the African continent. There are other factors that have a role in what happens in the region represented in the different regimes in the Lakes region. These include undemocratic, weak and often lacking legitimacy, seeking to maintain power and refrain from cooperating with each other to stand up to foreign interference. This is in addition to ethnic factor and the movement of refugees towards neighboring countries, and problems related to ownership of land, identity and naturalresources. In the Great Lakes countries, the persistence of ethnic conflicts and cross-border civil wars, such as those between Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire and Uganda, is a major source of chaos and a threat to peace and security, frustrating all ambitious and well-planned development projects and initiatives. Ethnic groups move across national borders and polarize identities on ethnic grounds, becoming a regional phenomenon in political violence.International and regional institutions such as the United Nations and the African Union have made great efforts in development projects and have launched a number of ambitious initiatives. The most important recommendations include that achievement of peace and development in the GLR necessitates the activation of initiatives and agreements reinforced by international institutions; the merging of local bodies and civil society organizations into a solitary entity;as well as engaging regional related parties to conflict and harmonizing with international stakeholders and donors to participate. Thereby start mechanisms for the follow-up and implementation of peace and sustainable development strategies in the Region. The States of the Lakes should address the issues of democracy, good governance and refugees. Then GLRneeds to organize themselves in effective economic and political gatherings to benefit from economic and political development initiatives in order to achieve stability and sustainable development. en_US
dc.publisher University of Khartoum en_US
dc.subject الوجود الأمريكي والفرنسي ; أفريقـيا; الحـرب الباردة; اقليم البحيرات العظمى en_US
dc.title الوجود الأمريكي والفرنسي في أفريقـيا بعد الحـرب الباردة: اقليم البحيرات العظمى نموذجا en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.Degree Ph.D en_US
dc.Faculty Economic and Social Studies en_US

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