University of Khartoum

Anaesthesia of the Long Buccal Nerve

Anaesthesia of the Long Buccal Nerve

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Title: Anaesthesia of the Long Buccal Nerve
Author: Sanhori, Lemya Babiker
Abstract: Background: Painless dental procedure was the main goal behind inventing different methods of local anaesthesia. The block techniques of local anaesthesia have shown some difficulties in application and prolong time to produce an effect. Hence the role of infiltration anaesthesia is also important. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the best area to anaesthetize the long buccal nerve in intra-alveolar extraction of posterior teeth. Study design: Controlled experimental hospital based study. Patients and methods: Two hundred fifty seven patients was selected randomly all the patients were between 20- 40 years, presented for extraction of the lower posterior teeth at KTDH during the period 2008-2011.Patients were categorized into three groups, the first had given block anaesethesia for the long buccal nerve, the second had given infiltration anaesthesia in between the roots of the tooth to be extracted and the third had given infiltration anaesthesia mesial to the tooth to be extracted.Then anaesthesia was tested and the time was measured. Results: The onset of anaesthesia was faster in the second group as 64.70% of the patients were anaestized in 0-30 seconds in comparison to 19.10% and 16.20% in the first and third groups respectively. Conclusion: In extraction of lower posterior teeth the injection of local anaesthesia in between the roots gives more rapid onset of anaesthesia for the long buccal nerve.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25851


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