University of Khartoum

تقييم الملاءمة الإقتصادية في مشاريع إسكان ذوي الدخل المحدود تجربة صندوق الإسكان والتعميرولاية الخرطوم

تقييم الملاءمة الإقتصادية في مشاريع إسكان ذوي الدخل المحدود تجربة صندوق الإسكان والتعميرولاية الخرطوم

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Title: تقييم الملاءمة الإقتصادية في مشاريع إسكان ذوي الدخل المحدود تجربة صندوق الإسكان والتعميرولاية الخرطوم
Author: الأمين, مناسك مكرم محمد
Abstract: Housing in general, and affordable housing in particular, is the obstacle facing housing supply in Khartoum, especially that intended for low-income and poor households whose income doesn't fit their basic needs, and who don’t have the ability to provide adequate housing through direct purchase from the official market mechanism. The state (namely, the Housing and Construction Fund, Khartoum State) builds different types of houses as a solution to the housing problem facing thosesegmentsofthepopulation. This study addresses the problem of affordability, as one of the most important aspects of appropriate housing –for these housing types through an evaluation of these projects, highlighting a case study of Althawra , Alhara 71, as one of the old projects implemented by the Housing and Construction Fund. The study aims to shed light on the reality of low-income housing in Khartoum State, to determine the main problems facing it, then to identify the residential and socio-economic requirements of these groups, and to benefit from the experiences of some countries in solving the housing problem for low-income and the poor, and to reach strategic findings and recommendations in this area. The methodology of the study began by taking the objectives of the Fund as a normative standard to evaluate the experience, to see if it achieved the main objectives which targeted vulnerable groups. Thestudy adopted in the collection of data observations, interviews with government officials and a field survey using a questionnaire -distributed to 5% of households in the selected area as a measuring tool to critically analyse the different views, and to determine the role of the programs and projects put forward in meeting the needs of the target groups. The major findings of the study shows that one fifth of the population in the areas are not targeted by popular housing programs because of their middle and high income; furthermore, the design is not flexible to accommodate the increase of income and the families didn’t participate through any stage of the project (planning, design, implementation, and monitoring). The study concludes that the real problem in low-income housing lies in the lack of legislation and regulations for granting such housing, the supply of housing did not meet the residential needs of these vulnerable segments, and that there are shortcomings and gaps in regulations and in the basis for granting such housing. The study recommends that the right to adequate housing be respected and placed with the priorities of housing policies and programs during the design stage of housing with full participation of beneficiaries; it also recommend the introduction of wet core projects as an alternative to core housing projects currently used by the Fund because of its advantages in reducing costs and facilitating access to housing, provision of housing in instalments without advance payments because it exceeds their financial ability, and to fillt hegapsin the controls and the basis for housing allocation to ensure access by thosesegments of the population.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25854


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