University of Khartoum

انتشار الإسلام في حوض الفولجا الأدنى ومملكة البلغار في القرن الرابع الهجري/ العاشر الميلادي

انتشار الإسلام في حوض الفولجا الأدنى ومملكة البلغار في القرن الرابع الهجري/ العاشر الميلادي

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Title: انتشار الإسلام في حوض الفولجا الأدنى ومملكة البلغار في القرن الرابع الهجري/ العاشر الميلادي
Author: التوم, تراجى يوسف حسن
Abstract: The study dealt with identifying the Volga Basin region in terms of geography and history, and then addressed the inhabitants of the Volga Basin, discussing the political, economic and social conditions of these peoples, and how Islam came to these regions. The study also aimed to give an early view of the situation in the Volga region before the fourth Hijri century /on the nature of the relations between the Muslims and the Volga inhabitants. It also aimed to explain how Islam spread in the Volga Basin and the Kingdom of the Bulgarians and to clarify the great role played by Ibn Fadlan in the teaching the peoples of the Volga River Islamic religion teachings . The role played by the Muslim Arabs in the Islamization of the peoples of the Volga basin and the kingdom of the Bulgarians and highlighted the kingdoms of the Bulgarians, Turks and Khazars and their relationship to the Islamic state, and then the role played by the Embassy of Ibn Fadlan in the Kingdom of the Bulgarians, the methodology adopted in this study was is the historical one, with collecting the material from its original sources and analyze the historical facts. The data collection tools were in primary and secondary sources, in addition to a field visit to Cairo to view the documents and manuscripts. The findings were that Islam spread among the population of the Volga River in general and the Kingdom of the Bulgarians especially before the fourth century AH /10th century AD, before the Embassy of Ibn Fadlan, and also the movement of major conquests carried out by Muslim Arabs in many areas, especially the regions of Khazars since the Rashidi era Umayyad and Abbasid, these efforts were crowned by successful Muslim Arabs. Although the spread of Islam at that stage was limited, it was the starting point for its wide spread. In addition, trade played a major role in communication between the inhabitants of the Volga basin, Islam was spread before the mission of Ibn Fadlan, and the Muslim Arabs also had relations with the peoples of the Lower Volga basin before the journey of Ibn Fadlan, which helped spread Islam earlier in Ibn Fadlan's journey. One of the most important recommendations is that the study of history should look for the history of the Khazars and Bulgarians because they are still unknown to many readers and writers of history. It also recommends expanding the study of different languages to learn more about the history of people in remote areas such as Khazars, Bulgarians, Turks, Tatars and others. The study also recommended that institutions should help researchers by affording more references.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25906


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