University of Khartoum

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Physical Abuse, Neglect, Abandonment and Exploitation among Elderly Sudanese in Khartoum State

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Physical Abuse, Neglect, Abandonment and Exploitation among Elderly Sudanese in Khartoum State

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Title: Prevalence and Associated Factors of Physical Abuse, Neglect, Abandonment and Exploitation among Elderly Sudanese in Khartoum State
Author: Mohammed, Nahla Erradi A. Rahman
Abstract: Background: Old persons, particularly in twilight of their lives, are likely to suffer from one or more chronic diseases or functional disabilities, as a normal process of aging or may be due to pathological changes, which make them frailer and weak, vulnerable to age related discrimination, social isolation, and loss of rights and victimization to mistreatment by trusted persons. TheObjective of the study is to determine the prevalence of physical abuse, neglect, abandonment, exploitation and the associated factors among Sudanese elderly in Khartoum state. Method: a descriptive cross sectional community based study on population 65 year and older was carried out. We exclude elder people with cognitive deficit. The total no of respondents were 589 elder selected by using cluster and systematic random samplingtechnique. Five tools were used in this study, as follow: a structured interview, using questionnaire form, vulnerability to abuse screening scale, elder assessment instrument, geriatric depression scale and nutritional assessment scale. Results: The most frequent type of abuse experienced by elder, was abandonment at rate (0.5%) followed by neglect (0.04%), the exploitation and physical abuse at rate (0.0.3%), (0.013%) respectively The associated factors for abandonment, were living alone (p < 0.01), partially dependent ( p < 0.001), alcoholic ( p < 0.013), and age 85 year and above ( p< 0.05) Neglect is more associated with sibling (p < 0.01), living alone (p < 0.01), and partially dependent elder (p< 0.01). Exploitation is more associated with relative (p< 0.01), and totally dependent elder. Physical abuse is more associated with being partially dependent elder ( p< 0.01). Conclusion: The study concludes that; the most frequent type of abuse experienced by elder people was abandonment, followed by neglect and the least one is physical abuse. The study recommends that establishing a community support and services for the care giver and older people to reduce the risk factors tide to elderly abuse, abandonment exploitation and neglect. To raise awareness among the stakeholder to help in elevating the harms inflicted on elderly. Knowing the actual situation of elderly and degrees of such types of abuse, and those at risk, would lead to more efficient and effective action from community, health, social affairs and all sectors, to help those affected
Description: 97page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25925


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