University of Khartoum

Effect of Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Training Program on Knowledge Attitude and Vaccination Status of Female Nursing Students in governmental universities in Khartoum state (2014-2016)

Effect of Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Training Program on Knowledge Attitude and Vaccination Status of Female Nursing Students in governmental universities in Khartoum state (2014-2016)

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Title: Effect of Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Training Program on Knowledge Attitude and Vaccination Status of Female Nursing Students in governmental universities in Khartoum state (2014-2016)
Author: Mohamed, Amani Abdelgader
Abstract: Background: Tetanus is an acute infectious disease, its exposure increases morbidity and mortality among women in reproductive age. Most cases occur due to lack of vaccination or incomplete course. Studies reveal that adequate knowledge regarding tetanus among girlsis more important for prevention of maternal and neonatal tetanus in the future. Five doses of tetanus toxoid vaccineprovide life-long protection. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Tetanus Toxoid Immunization training program on knowledge, attitudeand vaccination status of female nursing students. Methods: An experimental study design was used. The study was done in six governmental universities in Khartoum state which have faculties of nursing sciences. Two Universities were randomly selected as study group and four as control group. All female students in the first years were studied, a total of 181 female students randomly recruited as study group, and 246 students as control group. Data was collected from both groups using structured closed ended questionnaire, attitude scale and check list for vaccination status. Tetanus toxoid immunization training program was offered to the study group and after six months data was recollected from both groups. .Data was analyzed, descriptive and inferential statistic was used. Results: Themean of knowledge level has changed from 1.5709 pre intervention to 1.8154 post interventions for study group (p value = .000) while for the control group change was insignificant. Total mean percent for positive attitude was 65, 48% pre intervention, changed to 72.8 post intervention (P. value = .000) while for negative attitude it changed from 34.55% pre to 27.28% post intervention in the study group (P. value = .000). In the control group insignificants change occurred in attitude. Vaccination statuspre intervention was.16.6% in the study group changed to 29.8 % post intervention (P. value = .000) while in control group no significant change was seen. Conclusion: Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Training Programis effective to improve nursing student’s knowledge, attitudes and increases vaccination status in the community
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25955


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