University of Khartoum

An Analytic Overview of Selected Transboundary Livestock Diseases Constraining Livestock Trade in the Sudan

An Analytic Overview of Selected Transboundary Livestock Diseases Constraining Livestock Trade in the Sudan

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Title: An Analytic Overview of Selected Transboundary Livestock Diseases Constraining Livestock Trade in the Sudan
Author: Abdalla, Mohammed Abdelrazig Abdelaziz
Abstract: This study is an analytical research based on secondary data collected and compiled during the progress of efforts exerted and programmes implemented for animal health and epizootic diseases control. The objectives of the analytical study were to understand constraints facing livestock trade and export in the Sudan particularly the health aspects, to analyze the delimits of export expansion of Sudanese live animals and meat in the Middle East market and to define and advise on overcoming constraints against livestock export and marketing due to hindrance posed by diseases. Six Transboundary Animal Diseases (TADs) were selected; Rinderpest (RP), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Peste des Petits Ruminants(PPR), Rift Valley Fever (RVF), Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza(HPAI) and Sheep and Goat Pox (SGPox). Risk factors data and epidemiological analysis was conducted for RP, RVF, HPAI, PPR and SGPoxin addition to data on other priority diseases. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses were combined. The quantitative analysis tool used is the Microsoft Excel Spread Sheet 2010. This analytical study showed that Sudan is facing a declining market share of the rapidly expanding market for live animals and meat and this mainly due to the fact that restrict animal health and food safety standards and regulations is the main constraint to increase and sustain the livestock export. During the period 2002-2013, a total of 148 livestock export vessels were rejected, where 253,350 sheep, 41,615 goats, 1,665 cattle and 21,667 camels were rejected. The rejected animals constitute almost (1.3%) of the total export. The effect of TADs on livestock trade and export in Sudan can be exemplified by the RVF. The descriptive export statistics of live sheep in Sudan has decreased sharply by almost 99% from 1,616,363 in 1999 to 15,714 in 2001 due to the outbreak of RVF in the southern part of Saudi Arabia in 2000. By contrast, the live sheep export increased rapidly to reach 1,703,562 in 2004 XV Analytic Overview of Selected Transboundary Livestock Diseases Constraining Livestock Trade in Sudan and 1,422,209 in 2006. Due to the 2007 RVF outbreak in Sudan, the export volume has decreased by 64% to 615,843 in 2007 and again it increased to 3,757,363 in 2013. Correlation analysis was done to measure how sheep export is related to outbreaks of RVF; the results gave a coefficient of -0.489 implying a negative correlation. This means that when an RVF outbreak occurs, the model predicts that the sheep export drops by 49%. This clearly indicates a strong correlation between RVF outbreaks and live sheep export. It is clearly observed that the sheep export figures in Sudan is negatively correlated to the two RVF outbreaks of 2000 and 2007. This analytical study showed that for Sudan to overcome constraints facing livestock trade and export of both live animals and animal products, specific diseases including RVF, FMD, CBPP, Brucellosis, SGPox and PPR, must be controlled or even eradicated.
Description: 170 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25968


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