University of Khartoum

The Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency among Children between Six and Nine Years Old In El-Fateh1 City Khalwies. Karary Locality,2012

The Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency among Children between Six and Nine Years Old In El-Fateh1 City Khalwies. Karary Locality,2012

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Title: The Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency among Children between Six and Nine Years Old In El-Fateh1 City Khalwies. Karary Locality,2012
Author: Taha, Nosyba Awad Said
Abstract: Background: Many studies were conducted worldwide in prevalence, severity and health consequences of vitamin A deficiency in preschool-aged children, but very few studies have been done to find out the extent of vitamin A deficiency among khalawies pupils. We aimed to study vitamin A deficiency among khalawies pupils and its consequences' on their nutritional status in Elfateh1 city, Karary locality. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among students in Elfateh 1 city khalawies, Karary locality. Two hundred and twenty pupils, age between six and nine years were selected from eleven khalawies. Community based questionnaire and eye examination was done to determine whether there was vitamin A deficiency or not and analyzed using SPSS program. Results: The total number studied were 220 pupils. 178(80.9%)had normal eye examinations and 42(19.1%) had vitamin A deficiency, among them18.2% were males and 0.9% were females. Among all pupils, 7.3% had night blindness, 4.1% had Bitots Spots, 5% had corneal xerosis, and 2.7% had night blindness with eye sign. Conclusion: Vitamin A deficiency was found in 19.1% of students. The Institutional caregivers should be made aware of the importance of providing a balanced diet rich in vitamin A. Also be aware of the signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency for early detection and early treatment.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/25980


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