University of Khartoum

Effect of Smoking Cigarette in Albumin Creatinine Ratio in Khartoum State

Effect of Smoking Cigarette in Albumin Creatinine Ratio in Khartoum State

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Title: Effect of Smoking Cigarette in Albumin Creatinine Ratio in Khartoum State
Author: Azhari, Moshtaha; Morsi, Adel Nasr; Hamdi, Liza
Abstract: Background: In recent years, it has become apparent that smoking has a negative impact on renal function, being one of the most important remediable renal risk factors. It has been shown clearly that the risk for high-normal urinary albumin excretion and microalbuminuria is increased in smoking compared with nonsmoking subjects of the general population. There are numerous harmful substances found in tobacco and tobacco smoke. Nicotine is one of these substances that may be acquired through active and passive smoking. In human nicotine is commonly consumed via smoking cigarette. many studies made many trail to elucidate effect cigarette on body. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether smoking has effects on albumin/ creatinine ratio in Sudanese males. Methodology: total of 100 Sudanese males were included in this study. they were divided into two groups, 50 non-smoker were used as control,and 50 smoker. members were within the age range of 19– 55 years..albumin/ creatinine ratio(ACR) was measured for all subjects from urine spot samples.Immuneturbidity method was used by cobas instrument. Results: The results revealed that the levels of albumin creatinine ratio was found significantly higher (P < 0.05),in smoker people compared with non smoker. And increase number of cigarette increase effect of cigarette on albumin creatinine ratio(ACR). Conclusion: The study concluded that, Smokers are at greater risk for kidney disease, which indicated by urine albumin creatinine ratio in smoker and non smoker people.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26051


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