University of Khartoum

Performance of Banana (Musa spp.) Plants under Monoculture and Intercrop Combinations with Different Plant Species

Performance of Banana (Musa spp.) Plants under Monoculture and Intercrop Combinations with Different Plant Species

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Title: Performance of Banana (Musa spp.) Plants under Monoculture and Intercrop Combinations with Different Plant Species
Author: Abuelgasim, Rowida Adam Zakaria
Abstract: The present investigation was undertaken in a field belonging to the Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, and University of Khartoum to assess the performance of banana plants (Grand Naine) under intercropping system using different plant species as intercrops for nine months. Four different plant species were used, namely, argel (Solenostemmaargel Del.), guar (CyamopsistetragonolobaL.), marigold (Tagetespatula L.) and karkade (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Mixed or multiple cropping intercropping, in which banana plantsand the selected intercrops were grown simultaneously on the same field without a row arrangement, was adopted in this study. The experimental banana plants were laid out in a randomized complete block design, replicated three times. Growth parameters of banana plants were evaluated in terms of both height and girth of pseudostem as well as the number of the functional leaves. At the termination of the experiment, strips from the lamina of the third leaf from the top of the pseudostem of banana plant were sampled for determination of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) contents. Generally, throughout the experimental period, no significant differences were noted among all treatments in values of height and diameter of pseudostem and number of leaves. However, the greatest values of pseudostem height measurements were associated with banana plants intercropped with guar and sole-cropped banana (control) and the lowest values with marigold. Intercropping of guar with banana plant gave significantly higher leaf-N content than control; no significant differences were noted in leaf-N content between guar and other crops. No significant differences were found in leaf-P content between Marigold intercropped with banana and control and also between Argel and Karkade. Significantly greater leaf-K content were associated with Guar than the other treatments which in turn showed no significant differences among them. No significant differences in leaf-Ca and Mg contents among the treatments.According to these results, intercropping can be adopted by growing short-term plants with banana in its early stages of vegetative growth
Description: 89page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26071


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