University of Khartoum

سد النهضة الإثيوبي و تداعياته على السودان و مصر و إثيوبيا

سد النهضة الإثيوبي و تداعياته على السودان و مصر و إثيوبيا

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Title: سد النهضة الإثيوبي و تداعياته على السودان و مصر و إثيوبيا
Author: رقية الجيلاني الحسين علي
Abstract: River dams are considered to be an important pillar in economic and social development. The public interest and the social welfare are the major reasons that motivate economic planners to construct river dams. Construction of river dams is always accompanied by extensive debates among those who focus on their negative impacts and those who emphasize their fruitful benefits and advantages as development projects that offset their negative impacts. This debate is not limited to the domestic arena but sometimes extends to the International arena, especially when such dams have an impact on neighboring countries or downstream riparian and upstream countries.This study aims at shedding light and providing interpretations to the debate raised about the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) taking into account its negative and positive impacts on downstream countries: Egypt and Sudan. As this project is accompanied by huge media and political uproar, it is necessary to tackle it objectively from a scientific perspective and assess its impact on the people of the Nile Valley, i.e. Egypt and Sudan and its benefits to the people of Ethiopia without panic or any hullabaloo after it has become a de-facto project. The researcher depended in tackling this disputable project on information obtained from primary sources and interviews with water resources experts and specialists. Furthermore, the researcher depended on reports and studies issued by International research centers and universities. The researcher utilized these reports and studies to support her arguments and she adopted a historical approach that tackles the historical agreements executed by and between the Nile Basin countries and Ethiopia relation with downstream countries. The researcher also adopted a statistical and descriptive approach based on analysis and assessing of the information pertinent to the GERD project.The researcher was keen to present the opinions of all concerned parties including water resources experts, scientists and media specialists in the three countries and she also presented some solutions to compensate losses of water resources in the light of the studies made by experts specialized in the field of water resources.The research arrived at a number of conclusions, the most important of which is that all the scientific and environmental studies have confirmed that the dam project will not harm the downstream countries, it also showed that the dam will benefit Sudan and Egypt as well as Ethiopia, and that it is important to remove negative ideas and causes of tension, and here comes the role of media to prove for the African countries that there is no conflict of interests between the upstream and downstream countries, and the possibility of reaching a settlement of outstanding issues that preserve the rights of all parties.
Description: 200 pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26134


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