University of Khartoum

Ophthalmia Neonatorum in Kittens Associated to Staphylococcus simulans in Khartoum State, Sudan: A Case Report

Ophthalmia Neonatorum in Kittens Associated to Staphylococcus simulans in Khartoum State, Sudan: A Case Report

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Title: Ophthalmia Neonatorum in Kittens Associated to Staphylococcus simulans in Khartoum State, Sudan: A Case Report
Author: Sulieman, Manal Sulum; Abdalla, Rugaia Osman; Mukhtar, Arwa Kamil Mohammed; Salim, Nasreen Gadalla
Abstract: This case reported the type of the bacterium associated with ophthalmia neonatorum in kittens in Khartoum. Twenty-five-day-old three domestic kittens were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum for consultation because they could not open their eyes even after the elapse of the period in which the eyes had been expected to open. The clinical examination of the kittens revealed an elevated rectum temperature, increased respiratory and heart rates, swollen eyes and bilateral purulent ocular discharges. The manual separation of the upper and lower eyelids in each kitten revealed the presence of a chemosis and a congestion of the conjunctivae. Two samples were collected from each kitten using ophthalmic swabs. After the retrieval of the sample materials, the kittens were treated using oxytetracycline ophthalmic ointment and oxytetracycline injectable solution. The samples were subjected to microbiology examinations. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus simulans bacteria were isolated from all collected samples. The isolated bacteria were subjected to susceptibility tests to antimicrobial drugs and they were found sensitive to the most used drugs including tetracycline and novobiocin and resistant to bacitracin. Two affected kittens responded satisfactorily to the selected treatment and one of them did not respond. In conclusion, it may be proposed that Staphylococcus simulans may associate ophthalmia neonatorum in kittens in Sudan and the bacterium can be suggested as the causative agent to this condition.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26277


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