University of Khartoum

Challenges and Prospects of Self-determination and Secession in Multi-ethnic Societies: Case of Sudan

Challenges and Prospects of Self-determination and Secession in Multi-ethnic Societies: Case of Sudan

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Title: Challenges and Prospects of Self-determination and Secession in Multi-ethnic Societies: Case of Sudan
Author: Abdalla, Hamadelneel Elhadi
Abstract: This research aims to investigate the viability of self-determination and secession as a peaceful solution to intra-state conflict in a multi-ethnic country like Sudan. The research adopts a descriptive, historical and analytical approach and the case study method. The research depends on secondary sources such as books, dissertations, papers, periodicals reports and the Internet. Taking South Sudan Secession as example, the research explains why granting self-determination to armed ethnic groups in The Sudanese heterogeneous societies will threaten the national unity of the country. The research develops a theoretical hypotheses of the diversity management preconditions to avoid Self-determination demands by effective diversity management, which facilitates nation building, state building and democratic governance. The most important results of the research are: self-determination and secession in case of Sudan have not settled the protracted conflict since 1955 between the North and South Sudan and they do not assure emergence of successful new states but produce new forms of violence. Self-determination and referendum were applied in South Sudan without any regard to the ethnic plurality and rival groups of the region and without any prediction of the future scenarios. Also, the analysis and observations reveal that the rump state (Sudan) faces a new political context where many pending issues remain unsolved. The Research recommends that: The attitudes of the central government towards the secessionist and armed movements should be based on the national interest and the strategic importance of the seceding region. Decentralization should be designed in ways that minimize its inherent risks and offer viable alternatives that can satisfy internal self-determination demands in Sudan.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26495


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