University of Khartoum

Feeding Pattern and Dietary Practices of Patients with Gall Bladder Stones in Omdurman Military Hospital

Feeding Pattern and Dietary Practices of Patients with Gall Bladder Stones in Omdurman Military Hospital

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Title: Feeding Pattern and Dietary Practices of Patients with Gall Bladder Stones in Omdurman Military Hospital
Author: Ali, Alaa Mohammed Shereef
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to collect information regarding feeding pattern and dietary practices of patients with gallbladder stones and to describe their socioeconomic characteristics and their nutritional status. A cross-sectional hospital based study was used. The study was conducted in Omdurman Military Hospital - Khartoum State. The sample size was consisted of 100 patients with gallbladder stones selected according to specific statistical formula. The primary data had been collected using a questionnaire covering socioeconomic characteristics, medical history, dietary pattern and anthropometric measurements. Results of the study showed that the majority of patients were females (82 %), patient's ages ranged from 20 years to 70 years with higher incidence among those who are above 40 years (64%). The data also showed that most of the patients were of moderate socioeconomic status. Concerning the nutritional status, the study found that 60% of gall bladder stones patients were either overweight or obese, 22% had normal weight, and 13% were underweight. Nearly half of the patients (48%) had a family history of gallbladder stones. The results also showed that most of the patients (86.7%) had no knowledge about the causes of the disease; in addition a high percentage (89%) of gallbladder stones patients does not practice any type of exercise at all. Regarding food habits and dietary pattern ,number and times of meals taken showed poor meal distribution, frequency consumption of different food items showed that the great majority of the patients (86%) consume wheat bread on daily basis, consumption of rice and macaroni several times a week was reported by (44.9%).Daily meat consumption was 68%, 72% of the patients consume milk on daily basis, vegetables daily consumption was reported by 63%.The data also showed that no specific fruits was highly uses on daily basis. Statistics were performed for the effects of the refined carbohydrate consumption on the nutritional status of the patients, the results showed a significant effect (p-value=0.047). Patients with a high consumption of refined carbohydrate had a high level of body mass index, also a IV significant relationship (P-value=0.000) was found between nutritional status and fat consumption. Patients with lower fat intake tend to have normal body mass index. No significant statistical association between body mass index and protein and cereals consumption. In conclusion, the study confirms that patient's knowledge about the dietary management and causes of the disease is limited. Therefore, gallbladder patients should counsel to adopt healthy eating habits and encourage them to improve their diets in order to prevent the disease complications and to increase their quality of life. Further studies should be done to investigate the relationship between diet and prevalence of gallbladder stones.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26592


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