University of Khartoum

Assessment of Surface Water using Water Quality Index and Heavy Metal Index for Bahri Water Station Sudan

Assessment of Surface Water using Water Quality Index and Heavy Metal Index for Bahri Water Station Sudan

Show full item record

Title: Assessment of Surface Water using Water Quality Index and Heavy Metal Index for Bahri Water Station Sudan
Author: Yousif, Samah Yousif Abdeen
Abstract: The objective of this work is to access and insure the good quality of surface water entering and leaving Bahri Water Station (Blue Nile) i.e, free from any harmful contaminates. To evaluate the quality of water, techniques of water quality index (WQI) and heavy metals index (MPI) were used. The physical and chemical properties of tested water (turbidity, pH, total dissolved solids, total hardness, sulphate, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and magnesium) were first measured and the (WQI)was then calculated. The percentage of heavy metals in the water samples were measured and the (MPI)was calculated. The results obtained for (WQI) showed that water taken before Bahri Water Station is 33.57 at a good range, whereas the samples taken after and at the intake of the raw water have WQI 29.79, and 26.93 respectively at a very good range, for treated water WQI is13.89 which falls in the excellent range. The calculated (MPI) revealed that the samples test before and after the intake, and the water treated were 3.65,3.45, and 3.13 respectively these values falls class IV ,i.e, Strongly Affected (high level) by heavy metals. This may be harmful to health for long term. Based on those findings, it is recommend that more investigations are required to confirm that Bahri Water Station is contaminated with heavy metals and treatments are needed to purify the produced water.
Description: 77 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26631


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account