University of Khartoum

Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Saanen Goats in Khartoum North

Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Saanen Goats in Khartoum North

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Title: Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Saanen Goats in Khartoum North
Author: Sakin, Mudather Ebrahim Yagob
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Brucellosis in Pure Saanen goats in Khartoum North. Three areas were selected in the state: Shambat, Bahri University (Veterinary Clinic) and Alkadaro. A total of 130 Saanen goats were randomly selected. Blood samples were taken and examined with Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and competitive Enzyme Linked Immune-sorbent Assay (ELISA). The results of examination of the serum samples showed that 5 of the samples were positive (prevalence) with Rose Bengal Plate tests (3.8%), which were confirmed negative with the competitive ELISA. All the positive cases were males, of good body condition and good hygienic conditions. The statistical association between risk factors and brucellosis was done by the univariate analysis (chi square test) followed by multivariate analysis (logistic regression). With the exception of age (x2=3.731,df=1,p=0.053) all studied risk factors (educational level of the owner ,pregnancy ,sex ,present of dogs, insemination, body condition , hygiene conditions and history of abortion) revealed no significant statistical association with brucellosis even with RBPT. The study concluded that the prevalence of Brucellosis in Saanen goats was relatively low in Khartoum North. It was recommended that more studies on potential risk factors and isolation of Brucella spp. from goats in general and Saanen goats in particular in the Khartoum North is important for designing control policies.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26685


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