University of Khartoum

الآثار الاقتصادية والبيئية لإعادة تدوير بطاريات الرصاص الحمضية المستهلكة في السودان

الآثار الاقتصادية والبيئية لإعادة تدوير بطاريات الرصاص الحمضية المستهلكة في السودان

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Title: الآثار الاقتصادية والبيئية لإعادة تدوير بطاريات الرصاص الحمضية المستهلكة في السودان
Author: أحمد, مواهب عبدالكريم عبدالله الحاج
Abstract: The main objective of this research is to study the economic and environmental impacts of the recycling of used scrap batteries for the extraction of lead. The research focuses on the process of extracting lead from scrap batteries in Khartoum factory to recycle used acid batteries. The research then turns its focus to the effects of recycling on the natural environment, public health and the economic situation of workers and residents of Huda Reform City in west Omdurman. The research goes on to examine the role of legislation and environmental protection laws regarding the legal framework of environmental protection to reduce existing pollution. The study adopts the descriptive and analytical approach drawing on data obtained from field surveys by using the stated preferences method, regarded as one of the economic tools to assess environmental damage and the risks of pollution. This method depends on surveying the opinions of the inhabitants and workers at Al-Huda Reform City. For data collection the study uses a questionnaire consisting of two sections. The first section includes the basic information for the sample members, whereas the second includes the main focus of the study with regard to pollution. The study population consists of a random sample whose size is determined by simple random sampling; a total of 120 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents. The sample size is adequate since the probabilistic value calculated from the sample data test Brattle reach 0.00, which is less than the permissible error value statistically at a significant level 5%. A statistical analysis is carried out in the form of statistical description of data and its variables and the explanatory statistics in order to test the hypotheses of the study. This done by use of Kai (x2) test, T-test for two independent samples, and the Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The main findings of the study are that: Recycling of scrap acid batteries to extract lead in the Khartoum Factory has negative effects on the surrounding area e.g.: Pollution reduced house prices in the area, particularly houses close to the factory. Gas emission varies according to the seasons rotation, e.g.in winter the seasonal wind increases, in summer air currents decrease and for that reason gas emissions are concentrated over the area. Environmental pollution has negative impacts on economic activity, for it lowers the income level and undermines the production of livestock in the region. There is lack of adequate awareness among residents in Al-Huda Reform City regarding pollution threats. The study recommends that this problem should be addressed through the implementation of cleaner production strategies in the factory, application of a sound emissions management system in the factory, and complying with the environmental laws and legislations by implementing them according to the federal environmental protection law 2001. This is in addition to integrating the study of environmental impact assessment in the industrial development process as a prerequisite for issuing licenses of new industrial facilities. All factories whose waste affects public health should be obligated to implement pollution prevention laws. There is a pressing need for dissemination of environmental awareness among community.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26686


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