University of Khartoum

Prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium among School Children in Al-Lama Bahar Abiad Area, Khartoum State, Sudan 2017: A Cross Sectional Study

Prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium among School Children in Al-Lama Bahar Abiad Area, Khartoum State, Sudan 2017: A Cross Sectional Study

Show full item record

Title: Prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium among School Children in Al-Lama Bahar Abiad Area, Khartoum State, Sudan 2017: A Cross Sectional Study
Author: Osman, Rowa M.; Eisa, Nusaiba S.; Nasr, Awad A.; Ali, Omer OS; Siddig, Emanuel E.; Mohamed, Nouh S.
Abstract: Schistosomiasis is the one of the World Health Organization’s most neglected disease. It is a major tropical and subtropical disease commonly found mainly in the developing countries. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted to estimate the current prevalence of S. haematobium infection among school children aged 5 to 13 years in Al-Lamab Bahar Abiad Area, Khartoum State, Sudan between January and February 2017. A total of 300 urine samples were collected randomly and examined microscopically, while urine dipstick method was used to detect the presence of protein and blood in each urine sample. A total of 72 (24%) urine samples were positive for Schistosomiasis, 41 (13.7%) were males and 31 (10.4%) were females, P. value = 0.176. The percentage of infection among children according to their age groups; 5 - 7 years, 8 - 10 years and 11-13 years, with S. haematobium were 29 (40.3%), 23 (31.0%) and 20 (27.8%) respectively, P. value = 0.032. The mean of intensity varied among the different age groups, with the age group of 11-13 years showing the highest mean of intensity, with P. value=0.000. Microscopic detection of haematuria was the best indicator for the positive S. haematobium infection (97.2%) when compared with dipstick method (91.2%) and macro examination (77.8%). Also, the overall 72 (62.6%) infected child with urinary Schistosomiasis were from 115 participated child who had a direct contact with water, showing positive results. Microscopic haematuria can be used as a first line indicator for urinary Schistosomiasis. Health education and community participation on targeted treatment of infected patients and the use of safe water supply, sanitation, are suggested for better and improved quality of life.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26687


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account