University of Khartoum

Household Coping Strategies for Food Security in South Darfur State, Sudan

Household Coping Strategies for Food Security in South Darfur State, Sudan

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Title: Household Coping Strategies for Food Security in South Darfur State, Sudan
Author: Seliman, Magda Adam Mohammed
Abstract: This study was conducted in South Darfur State to identify the households coping strategies of food security there. The study was based on primary data collected by means of questionnaires. In addition to secondary data obtained from relevant sources. Stratified and accidental sampling method was used to select 120 households from four accessible localities in the state. Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) was used to analysis the data by descriptive statistics (frequencies, distribution and percentage) and T-test for some variables of the study. The results revealed that 53.3% of respondents were women, 66.8% of respondents were illiterate household. The average of family members was 8 persons. The majority (79.2%) were farmers. The average household income in the area of the study was 1072 SDG per month; this indicates that household members are living below the poverty line ($1.25 per person per day).The T-test result showed that there was significant (p = 0.05) difference between household income in the area of the study and the international standard poverty line. The study concluded that the main causes of food insecurity in the area were civil wars, low income, high food prices, and low access to food. Most important coping strategies indicated that 52.2% of respondents minimizing meals per day and change kind of meal, 30% collection woods and wild productions for sale, 41.7% borrowing either food or money from traders to cope with food insecurity, and sometimes withdraw children from school. The study recommended that the Government of South Darfur State pay attention to strategic storage of some high value food, such as grain and peanuts, also pay attention to education in rural areas especially poor families. The finance institutions in the state provide finance for small producers so as not to resort to borrowing from traders. The ministry of agriculture in south Darfur State should provide small farmers with some inputs such as improved seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26694


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