University of Khartoum

Histopathological Patterns of Parasitic Infections among Surgical Specimens in Sudan

Histopathological Patterns of Parasitic Infections among Surgical Specimens in Sudan

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Title: Histopathological Patterns of Parasitic Infections among Surgical Specimens in Sudan
Author: Abdalla, Amna Abdalla Mohammed
Abstract: Background: Sudan is located within the tropics; where parasitological diseases are well prevalent and familiar; provided that , oncological ailments are currently on the rise in the region; we end up with more biopsies being studied, and parasites encountered. Links between the two pathological entities are thus being established, schistosomiasis and bladder cancer rank as classical example. The objective of this research is to study the histopathological patterns of parasitic infections in surgical specimens in Sudan. Methodology: This is a retrospective cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted during the period from May to August 2015 at National Health Laboratory and Soba University Hospital Laboratory. The patients’ records who presented with parasitic infections were evaluated. The data were collected by pre designed data collection sheet; then analyzed by computer using SPSS. Results: A total of 105 patients’ records with incidentally diagnosed parasitic infections, were reviewed in this study, 67.6% were males and 32.4% were females. The majority 41.9% were in the age group 21 – 40 years, 35.2% patients in the age group 1-20, 12.4% in the age group 41-60 years and 10.5% patients in the age group 61-80 years. 50.5% of patients had bleeding per rectum, 23.8% had haematuria, 8.6% had skin lesions, 3.8% had right iliac fossa pain, 2.9% patients had bladder mass, while ovarian cyst, prostatic enlargement, hydrocele and splenic cyst were found in 1.0% of patient for each. Schistosomiasis was the commonest diagnosis in 80.0%, schistosoma with carcinoma in 7.6% of patients, giardiasis in 5.7% , hydatid cyst in 2.9% , cutaneous leishmaniasis in 1.9%, enterobius vermicularis in 1.0% and toxoplasmosis in 1.0% patient. Regarding the histopathological pattern of the schistosoma patients, 73.3% were schistosomiasis, and 6.7% were schistosoma polyp cases. Conclusion: Schistosomiasis is the commonest parasitic infection encountered in surgical specimens in Sudan.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/26700


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