University of Khartoum

Sand fly Fauna of a Kalazar Focus in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan, (March- June 2015)

Sand fly Fauna of a Kalazar Focus in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan, (March- June 2015)

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Title: Sand fly Fauna of a Kalazar Focus in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan, (March- June 2015)
Author: Ismaeil, Summeia Aymen Abdulraheem
Abstract: During the period from March to June, (2015) a field study was conducted to collect sand flies from three villages; Berber- Alfugara, Jebel-Algana, and Tabarakallah at Atbara- River area, Gedarif state, Eastern Sudan. CDC light traps and sticky paper traps were set indoors, outdoors, and in peri- domestic, and sylvatic sites in the the three villages to collect sand flies. A total of 22423 Phlebotomus spp, and 12796 Sergentomayia spp sand flies were collected. They included five Plebotomous species and six Sergentomayia species. Sergentomayia clydei and Plebotomus orientalis made up 22.4% and 16.8% of the collected sand flies, respectively. Light trap method exhibited a higher and significant efficacy in collecting P. orientalis (The vector of visceral leishmaniasis in the focus) compared to the sticky trap method in all different sites of the three villages. No significant difference was observed in the abundance of the vector between the three villages. A simplified Identification key was assembled for the use of public health workers for facilitating the recognition of the VL vector among other Phlebotomus species which might be encountered in the area.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27034


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