University of Khartoum

Cross sectional study to determine chloroquine resistance among Plasmodium falciparum clinical isolates from Khartoum, Sudan [version 1; referees: 1 approved, 2 approved with reservations]

Cross sectional study to determine chloroquine resistance among Plasmodium falciparum clinical isolates from Khartoum, Sudan [version 1; referees: 1 approved, 2 approved with reservations]

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Title: Cross sectional study to determine chloroquine resistance among Plasmodium falciparum clinical isolates from Khartoum, Sudan [version 1; referees: 1 approved, 2 approved with reservations]
Author: Mohammed, Walaa Salah Abdulla; Yasin, Kyakonye; Mahgoub, N.S.; Abdel Hamid, Muzamil Mahdi
Abstract: Background: Malaria continues to present a global health threat; the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 214 million cases of malaria by the year 2015 with a death rate of 438000. Sudan is endemic to malaria with over 95% of malaria cases due to Plasmodium falciparum. Chloroquine is a well-established drug in the treatment of P. falciparum malaria although its use has declined since its introduction as the drug of choice in treatment of malaria in Sudan. The mechanism of resistance has been attributed to mutations in P. falciparum Chloroquine resistance transporter gene coding for a key food vacuole proteins. In current study we aimed at verifying the genetic cause of resistance to Chloroquine in field isolates of P. falciparum. Methods: Twenty P. falciparum cases were diagnosed from East Nile hospital in Khartoum and recruited in the investigation. Nested PCR was conducted to isolate mutation region in the PfCRT gene and the amplicons were sequenced using Sanger sequencing technique (Macrogen, Soule Korea). Results: 16/20 (80%) of the field isolates contained base pair mutation of codon 76 in the pfcrt gene thus being resistant to chloroquine treatment and only 4/20 (20%) did not contain such mutation. Conclusions: High treatment failures associated with Chloroquine treatment is evident of the high prevalence of mutant strains of P. falciparum field isolates thus suggesting the reduced relevance of Chloroquine as a treatment choice in the management of P. falciparum malaria.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27079


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