University of Khartoum

الأسلوب القصصي في الشعر الجاهلي دراسة تطبيقية على المفضليات

الأسلوب القصصي في الشعر الجاهلي دراسة تطبيقية على المفضليات

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Title: الأسلوب القصصي في الشعر الجاهلي دراسة تطبيقية على المفضليات
Author: ., منهل فضل المولى الجاك سعيد
Abstract: The main objective of this research is to study narrative poems in Al-Mufaḍḍalīyāt. The research starts by exploring the basic elements of storytelling: structure, plot, characters, setting and motive. The research then turns its focus to narrative war poems and the different types of war famous single combats, feuds, tribal wars, particular events of those wars as famous war escapes and famous war captives. The research goes on to study the recurrent subjects of war poems as boasting and elegies. It then proceeds further to explain the role military animals play in war as depicted in narrative poems. The research descends down to study narrative love poems and the famous love stories. It also focuses on the description of zebra and its group of mares and their perilous journey in search of water, in constant fear of hunters. The research goes on to study poetic narratives about the female Oryx and its torment in rainy nights, chased by persistent hunters and wild beasts. Its grief over its deceased calf was a focal point in this research. The research aims also to study the poetic narratives about ostriches and their hazardous life in the desert. Concentrating on their speediness. Finally, the research studied poetic narratives about wolves, and birds of prey. The ultimate goal of the research is to clarify how Arab poets succeeded in using the basic elements of storytelling to build their poetic narratives. The research adopted the descriptive analytical approach and drew mostly upon the selections of Al- Mufaḍḍal as a primary source but it also drew upon some books of classical Arabic literature. The most important findings are: The realistic and explicit depiction of battlefields makes narrative war poems fulfill the necessary criteria to be considered as reliable historical sources. The most frequent subjects of war poems are boasting of noble descent and boasting of bravery, elegies are very rare. Narratives Love poems were mostly platonic; the highest stage of affection for it is renowned for being virtuous and pure. Arab poets used, exaggeration; as a rhetorical device to attribute the traits of wild beasts to their domestic animals. The male zebra was famous for its great stamina and unyielding determination; the Arab poet attributed these traits to his horse. Ostriches in Arabic culture symbolized speed and Arab poets resembled their domestic animals to ostriches. The grief of the female Oryx over its deceased calf was employed in elegies and the poet resembled his grief over the deceased to the grief of the female lamenting Oryx. Wolves symbolized disloyalty and birds of prey were the symbol of strength, victory and visual acuity. Arab poets sometimes used hyperbole, as a literary technique, alleging that their domestic animals are superior to those wild beasts in stamina, strength and swiftness, aiming to add dramatic flair to the story. The poetic narratives in ancient Arabic literature can be classified as realistic fiction in which poets depicted their real- life events and their surrounding environment. Though these narratives were composed in the early stages of storytelling, they include most of the basic elements of storytelling. The research recommends study on the female Oryx’s mourning and its employment in elegy poems.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27111


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