University of Khartoum

The Role of Pastoralists in Management of Wadelbashier Forest Reserve in Elgedaref State, Sudan

The Role of Pastoralists in Management of Wadelbashier Forest Reserve in Elgedaref State, Sudan

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Title: The Role of Pastoralists in Management of Wadelbashier Forest Reserve in Elgedaref State, Sudan
Author: Fagir, Sara Mohamed Elmubarak
Abstract: The study was conducted at Wadelbashir forest reserve at Elhawata area, Elrahad locality southern east Elgadarif state. The principle aim of this study is to enhance and develop participatory sustainable forest management model in conflict areas through involvement of both pastoralists and local communities. Two types of data were collected to provide the necessary information, the primary data were collected through two types of questionnaires the first type were prepared and directed to the pastoralist who lives in Wadelbashir and Umgera forest reserves 75 questionnaires for each forest and the second type were directed to the farmers and nomads who live in different five villages of different localities around Elhawata area which were selected randomly 10 questionnaires for each village, and the secondary data from inventory data which was collected by the final year student of faculty of forestry university of Khartoum in 2008 from Wadelbashir forest for the forest management plan. The results of the study revealed that the percentage of the dependence on forest wood products as a source of income was about 30% of the nomads in pastoral community , while 70% of agro pastoralists and other stakeholders depend on wood demand in gum garden ,community and government forests reserves, a case which indicates the perception of nomads and pastoralists, that forests have to be protected from damage. The use of forests for fodder and wood products may lead to forest degradation as long as the use is spontaneous and based on poor plans. The study also revealed that, farmers like nomads reflected their willingness to contribute in forest rehabilitation and management. 80% of them participate in tree planting. They indicated that there are two conflicting interests in forest products that is harvesting of wood which cause forests degradation and on the other hand the harvesting of non wood forest products which enhances forests conservation. More understanding of the relationship between the different categories of forests users and the forests reserves is concluded from the positive perception of these categories towards the attitude of the authorities managing the forests reserves. The study concluded that the different categories of forests users are aware about the type of management relationship that could be developed between any forest type, forest owner and the community members, 92% of the community categories prefer the participatory forest management through partnership between government and villagers . The study recommended that the social and economic roles and contribution of forests and other wooded lands to the livelihood local communities must be recognized, assessed and the contribution for local peoples to fully benefit from the whole range of opportunities they offer should be created.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27112


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