University of Khartoum

Adaptation Strategies Used by Farmers to Adapt to Climate Change in Bara locality, North Kordofan State, Sudan

Adaptation Strategies Used by Farmers to Adapt to Climate Change in Bara locality, North Kordofan State, Sudan

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Title: Adaptation Strategies Used by Farmers to Adapt to Climate Change in Bara locality, North Kordofan State, Sudan
Author: Ahmed, Ibrahim Ali Makawi
Abstract: The study was conducted in Bara locality, North Kordofan State. The study aimed to identify the climate change indicators and coping strategies used by farmers in Bara Locality, in addition to investigate the strength points and opportunities available to overcome the negative impact of climate change in the study area. This was done through assessing the indigenous knowledge, awareness and practice of farmers about climate change indicators, coping strategies and the opportunities available to overcome the negative impact of climate change in the study area. The effects of some socioeconomic factors on farmers' knowledge and capability to cope and adapt with climate change were also covered. The study used a multistage sampling technique, with a total sample size of 150 farmers. Villages were selected according to geographical location and population density. The targeted farmers were chosen according to a systematic list. Descriptive statistics and Chi – square test techniques were applied through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results showed that regarding the knowledge of farmers about climate change (80%) of the farmers heard about climate change and about their indigenous knowledge the results indicated that it is exist and diverse were all of the targeted recognized climate changes as: 57% lack of rain water for agriculture, 21% increase in temperature and 6% sand dunes and soil erosion. The most important indicators of climate change in the study area were fluctuation of rain level and high temperature (47%), and fluctuation of rain level and soil erosion. The study indicated that 87.3% of the respondents have noticed climate changes in the last five years. Economic, social and environmental impacts are stated by 90% of the respondents as emerging result of climate changes in the last five years. The study indicated that 82.7% used coping strategies to adapt with climate change but at different levels, the study found that using strategies of crop management 48.7% was less than using of livestock strategies 53.3%, and this is consistent with manyiv studies stated that Bara locality started to shift from crop production to livestock production were the chances of using livestock strategies is wider than crop management strategies. Statistical analysis of chi – square -test explored that there was no significant impact on educational Level, ages , source of income, social status at (p = 0.05) from zero level among farmers heard about climate change. The results also indicated that there was no significant impact on age, educational level at (p = 0.05) from zero level among the farmers used strategies to cope with climate change. The study recommended that the enforcement and enhancement of polices that build and improve the ability and resilience of farmers against the adverse impact of climate change specially crop production in the study area, also capture and make use of the indigenous knowledge of the farmers in the study area.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27159


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