University of Khartoum

Effect of Plant Concentrate Formulated from Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Seed Meals on Broiler Chick Performance and Blood Profile

Effect of Plant Concentrate Formulated from Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Seed Meals on Broiler Chick Performance and Blood Profile

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Title: Effect of Plant Concentrate Formulated from Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Seed Meals on Broiler Chick Performance and Blood Profile
Author: Farah, Fatima Elsamani Babiker
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effect of plant concentrate (PC) formulated from safflower (51%), cowpea seed (33%), lysine (6%), methionine (2.5%), limestone (7%), premix (0.3%), and salt (0.2%) on the performance and blood profile of broiler chicks, feed cost and profitability compared with imported concentrate. total of 120 unsexed one-day old (Ross strain) were used. The birds were distributed randomly into four dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD); each group was divided into three replicates with 10 birds/each. The experimental diets were 0% PC (A), 5% plant concentrate (B), 6% PC (C), and 7% PC (D). Feed and water were provided ad libitum during the trial period (6weeks). Parameters measured included feed consumption, body weight gain, FCR dressing percentage, internal organs weights (liver, gizzard, abdominal fat and heart) and some blood profile parameters, total white blood cells count (TWBCs), total red blood cells (TRBCs), packed cell volume (PCV) and haemoglobin Concentration (Hb) The results revealed that birds fed diets containing (6%) PC consumed significantly (P ≤ 0.05) less fed than 5% PC flowed by 7% PC and control respectively. The body weight gain of birds that received treated diets was decreased with increasing the level of PC (5%, 6 %, and 7%). Treated diets showed significantly (P ≤ 0.05) lower FCR than control. Birds on treated diet (5%, 6%, and 7% PC) had lower blood profile values (WBCs, RBCs, PCV and Hb) than control group. The weights of liver, abdominal fat and neck decreased with increase in level of PC diet contained 6% PC had low feed cost and high profitability. It was concluded that 6% PC improved the general performance of broiler chickens compared with other levels. PC diets decreased TWBCs, RBCs, PCV and Hb. It is recommend to supplement broiler ration with 6% PC which resulted in lower feed cost and high profitability than other levels. More research is needed to characterize the alternative feedstuffs (plant protein) with regard to their digestibility and content of anti-nutritional factors.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27170


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