University of Khartoum

Nutritional Value of Sclerocarya birrea (Homied) Laeves and Fruits at two Different Stages of Maturity

Nutritional Value of Sclerocarya birrea (Homied) Laeves and Fruits at two Different Stages of Maturity

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Title: Nutritional Value of Sclerocarya birrea (Homied) Laeves and Fruits at two Different Stages of Maturity
Author: Abd alla, Faiez Abd alla Abd Elrahman
Abstract: The study aimed to determine the nutritional values of leaves and fruits of Sclerocarya birrea (Homied) tree at two different stages of maturity. Nine samples for Mature and immature leaves, green fruit and yellow fruit (ripe) were collected during May and June, 2017 from Daein locality -East Darfur State- Sudan. All samples were picked by hand from different trees and branches, the seeds were separated from fruits by a sterile blade then all the samples were air dried ground and kept in Paper sac for further analysis. Parameters measured were: chemical composition, some macro-minerals content, metabolizable energy, anti-nutritional factors and in- vitro crude protein digestibility (IVCPD). Data obtained from the experiment were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) according to Completely Randomize Design with 2x3 (2 stages of maturity, 3 separate parts of the plants) factorial arrangement. Data was analsyzed using SPSS (ver.21).The results revealed that the leaves significantly (P<0.05) had the highest crude protein (CP), (15.15%), ash (9.11%), saponnin (1.088mg/100g) content and IVCPD (80.98%). While the seeds showed the highest content of ether extract (9.15%), crude fiber (CF) (34.97%) and metabolizable energy for ruminants (11.19MJ/Kg). Fruits the highest content of nitrogen free extract (NFE)(47.69%), tannin (0.033%Mg/100g) and phytate (1.450 Mg/100g). Leaves significantly (P<0.05) recorded the greatest concentration of calcium (3.05%), magnesium (1.95%), sodium (1.95%) and potassium (3.13%). Phosphorus concentration in all parts of Scleroacrya birrea was lower than theviii level required by the different kind of animals. However, anti-nutrition factors content in different parts were below established value level. The results of the effect of stage of maturity on the chemical composition, IVCPD and antinutritional factors were significantly (P< 0.05) difference between the mature and immature stage. Dry matter, CP, CF, ash, NFE and MER, MEP, antinutritional factors and IVCPD were significantly (P< 0.05) higher in the mature stage than immature stage. The results obtained from the current study showed that the leaves, fruit and seeds of Sclerocarya birrea have a great potential as source of important nutrients as feeds and food. In view of the promising results of the present study, the fruit, leaves and seeds could be used as human food and animals feed.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27435


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